Characterization of lattice strain induced by neutron irradiation

Hsin Yi Tseng, Peter J. Heaney, T. C. Onstott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Powder X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement have been used to study structural damage induced by neutron irradiation of orthoclase (Or94) from Benson Mines, New York. X-ray diffraction profiles of samples exposed to total neutron doses in excess of 6.3×1018 n/ cm2 exhibit small but measurable peak broadening in comparison with unirradiated orthoclase. Rietveld structure refinements and transmission electron microscope observations indicate that the X-ray peak broadening arises primarily from the effect of strain rather than particle size. The results reveal a positive correlation between the neutron dose and the anisotropic strain percentage calculated from the Lorentzian profile parameters. This strain-induced broadening probably stems from numerous point defects created by recoiling atoms during neutron collisions. These observations have important implications for the diffusive behavior of 39Ar and 40Ar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-405
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1995

Fingerprint

orthoclase
Neutron irradiation
irradiation
Neutrons
X-ray diffraction
defect
Rietveld refinement
collision
particle size
Point defects
electron
X ray powder diffraction
damage
Electron microscopes
Particle size
X ray diffraction
X rays
Atoms
dose
comparison

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

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abstract = "Powder X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement have been used to study structural damage induced by neutron irradiation of orthoclase (Or94) from Benson Mines, New York. X-ray diffraction profiles of samples exposed to total neutron doses in excess of 6.3×1018 n/ cm2 exhibit small but measurable peak broadening in comparison with unirradiated orthoclase. Rietveld structure refinements and transmission electron microscope observations indicate that the X-ray peak broadening arises primarily from the effect of strain rather than particle size. The results reveal a positive correlation between the neutron dose and the anisotropic strain percentage calculated from the Lorentzian profile parameters. This strain-induced broadening probably stems from numerous point defects created by recoiling atoms during neutron collisions. These observations have important implications for the diffusive behavior of 39Ar and 40Ar.",
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Characterization of lattice strain induced by neutron irradiation. / Tseng, Hsin Yi; Heaney, Peter J.; Onstott, T. C.

In: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 22, No. 6, 01.09.1995, p. 399-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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