Characterization of lithium-glass and polyvinyl toluene heterogeneous composites with varying geometries for fast neutron detection

Albert Foster, Amira Barhoumi Ep Meddeb, Kyle Wilhelm, Jason Nattress, Zoubeida Ounaies, Igor Jovanovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In heterogeneous composite neutron detectors, materials with dissimilar characteristics are optically coupled to achieve functionalities that extend beyond those enabled by intrinsic properties of constituent materials. However, the mismatched optical properties of the dissimilar materials introduce light scattering inside the detector, which could potentially affect its performance. Understanding the effects of the glass filler shape and content on light transport and light output is crucial for developing high performance composite detectors. Detectors with glass rods and shards were fabricated and characterized using UV/Vis, gamma, and neutron sources. The glass/PVT interfacial surface area significantly affects the light transmission; the highest reduction is measured with the shards which have higher surface area than the rods. The light output is impacted more significantly by the glass weight content than by the filler shape. The dimensions of the rods detector are 12.7 cm x 12.7 cm and those of the shards detector are 7 cm x 3.8 cm. The neutron intrinsic efficiencies of the fabricated detectors were also measured for 252Cf spontaneous fission neutrons and found to be 4.80 ± 0.05% and 0.097 ± 0.036% for the larger rods detector and the prototype shards detector, respectively, with good gamma rejection for both (measured to be better than 10−4).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-32
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume905
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 11 2018

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fast neutrons
Toluene
toluene
Neutrons
Lithium
lithium
Detectors
Glass
composite materials
Geometry
glass
detectors
Composite materials
geometry
rods
fillers
Fillers
Neutron detectors
neutrons
Dissimilar materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of lithium-glass and polyvinyl toluene heterogeneous composites with varying geometries for fast neutron detection",
abstract = "In heterogeneous composite neutron detectors, materials with dissimilar characteristics are optically coupled to achieve functionalities that extend beyond those enabled by intrinsic properties of constituent materials. However, the mismatched optical properties of the dissimilar materials introduce light scattering inside the detector, which could potentially affect its performance. Understanding the effects of the glass filler shape and content on light transport and light output is crucial for developing high performance composite detectors. Detectors with glass rods and shards were fabricated and characterized using UV/Vis, gamma, and neutron sources. The glass/PVT interfacial surface area significantly affects the light transmission; the highest reduction is measured with the shards which have higher surface area than the rods. The light output is impacted more significantly by the glass weight content than by the filler shape. The dimensions of the rods detector are 12.7 cm x 12.7 cm and those of the shards detector are 7 cm x 3.8 cm. The neutron intrinsic efficiencies of the fabricated detectors were also measured for 252Cf spontaneous fission neutrons and found to be 4.80 ± 0.05{\%} and 0.097 ± 0.036{\%} for the larger rods detector and the prototype shards detector, respectively, with good gamma rejection for both (measured to be better than 10−4).",
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T1 - Characterization of lithium-glass and polyvinyl toluene heterogeneous composites with varying geometries for fast neutron detection

AU - Foster, Albert

AU - Barhoumi Ep Meddeb, Amira

AU - Wilhelm, Kyle

AU - Nattress, Jason

AU - Ounaies, Zoubeida

AU - Jovanovic, Igor

PY - 2018/10/11

Y1 - 2018/10/11

N2 - In heterogeneous composite neutron detectors, materials with dissimilar characteristics are optically coupled to achieve functionalities that extend beyond those enabled by intrinsic properties of constituent materials. However, the mismatched optical properties of the dissimilar materials introduce light scattering inside the detector, which could potentially affect its performance. Understanding the effects of the glass filler shape and content on light transport and light output is crucial for developing high performance composite detectors. Detectors with glass rods and shards were fabricated and characterized using UV/Vis, gamma, and neutron sources. The glass/PVT interfacial surface area significantly affects the light transmission; the highest reduction is measured with the shards which have higher surface area than the rods. The light output is impacted more significantly by the glass weight content than by the filler shape. The dimensions of the rods detector are 12.7 cm x 12.7 cm and those of the shards detector are 7 cm x 3.8 cm. The neutron intrinsic efficiencies of the fabricated detectors were also measured for 252Cf spontaneous fission neutrons and found to be 4.80 ± 0.05% and 0.097 ± 0.036% for the larger rods detector and the prototype shards detector, respectively, with good gamma rejection for both (measured to be better than 10−4).

AB - In heterogeneous composite neutron detectors, materials with dissimilar characteristics are optically coupled to achieve functionalities that extend beyond those enabled by intrinsic properties of constituent materials. However, the mismatched optical properties of the dissimilar materials introduce light scattering inside the detector, which could potentially affect its performance. Understanding the effects of the glass filler shape and content on light transport and light output is crucial for developing high performance composite detectors. Detectors with glass rods and shards were fabricated and characterized using UV/Vis, gamma, and neutron sources. The glass/PVT interfacial surface area significantly affects the light transmission; the highest reduction is measured with the shards which have higher surface area than the rods. The light output is impacted more significantly by the glass weight content than by the filler shape. The dimensions of the rods detector are 12.7 cm x 12.7 cm and those of the shards detector are 7 cm x 3.8 cm. The neutron intrinsic efficiencies of the fabricated detectors were also measured for 252Cf spontaneous fission neutrons and found to be 4.80 ± 0.05% and 0.097 ± 0.036% for the larger rods detector and the prototype shards detector, respectively, with good gamma rejection for both (measured to be better than 10−4).

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