Characterization of solid deposits formed from jet fuel degradation under pyrolytic conditions

Metal sulfides

Ramya Venkataraman, Semih Eser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reaction of the organic sulfur compounds in Jet A with Fe- and Ni-based alloy substrates under pyrolytic conditions formed significant amounts of metal sulfides. Pyrrhotite (Fe(1-x)S) and heazlewoodite (Ni 3S2) were formed on SS316 and Inconel 600 surfaces, respectively, in the short duration experiments. After extended periods of thermal stressing, an additional crystal phase, pentlandite (Fe,Ni) 9S8, was also observed on both surfaces. The lack of FeS2 (pyrite) formation over extended periods of stressing indicates that the amount of sulfur reacting with the substrates decreased with the increasing thermal stressing time. A focused ion beam (FIB)/SEM analysis showed that the metal sulfide formation can extend up to 2 μm depth from the surface in 2 h of thermal stressing. The formation of metal sulfides on alloy surfaces degrades the alloy surfaces and affects solid carbon deposition from jet fuel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9351-9360
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume47
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2008

Fingerprint

Jet fuel
Sulfides
Deposits
Metals
Degradation
Sulfur Compounds
Sulfur compounds
Focused ion beams
Pyrites
Substrates
Sulfur
Carbon
Crystals
Scanning electron microscopy
Hot Temperature
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Reaction of the organic sulfur compounds in Jet A with Fe- and Ni-based alloy substrates under pyrolytic conditions formed significant amounts of metal sulfides. Pyrrhotite (Fe(1-x)S) and heazlewoodite (Ni 3S2) were formed on SS316 and Inconel 600 surfaces, respectively, in the short duration experiments. After extended periods of thermal stressing, an additional crystal phase, pentlandite (Fe,Ni) 9S8, was also observed on both surfaces. The lack of FeS2 (pyrite) formation over extended periods of stressing indicates that the amount of sulfur reacting with the substrates decreased with the increasing thermal stressing time. A focused ion beam (FIB)/SEM analysis showed that the metal sulfide formation can extend up to 2 μm depth from the surface in 2 h of thermal stressing. The formation of metal sulfides on alloy surfaces degrades the alloy surfaces and affects solid carbon deposition from jet fuel.",
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Characterization of solid deposits formed from jet fuel degradation under pyrolytic conditions : Metal sulfides. / Venkataraman, Ramya; Eser, Semih.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 47, No. 23, 03.12.2008, p. 9351-9360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Venkataraman, Ramya

AU - Eser, Semih

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N2 - Reaction of the organic sulfur compounds in Jet A with Fe- and Ni-based alloy substrates under pyrolytic conditions formed significant amounts of metal sulfides. Pyrrhotite (Fe(1-x)S) and heazlewoodite (Ni 3S2) were formed on SS316 and Inconel 600 surfaces, respectively, in the short duration experiments. After extended periods of thermal stressing, an additional crystal phase, pentlandite (Fe,Ni) 9S8, was also observed on both surfaces. The lack of FeS2 (pyrite) formation over extended periods of stressing indicates that the amount of sulfur reacting with the substrates decreased with the increasing thermal stressing time. A focused ion beam (FIB)/SEM analysis showed that the metal sulfide formation can extend up to 2 μm depth from the surface in 2 h of thermal stressing. The formation of metal sulfides on alloy surfaces degrades the alloy surfaces and affects solid carbon deposition from jet fuel.

AB - Reaction of the organic sulfur compounds in Jet A with Fe- and Ni-based alloy substrates under pyrolytic conditions formed significant amounts of metal sulfides. Pyrrhotite (Fe(1-x)S) and heazlewoodite (Ni 3S2) were formed on SS316 and Inconel 600 surfaces, respectively, in the short duration experiments. After extended periods of thermal stressing, an additional crystal phase, pentlandite (Fe,Ni) 9S8, was also observed on both surfaces. The lack of FeS2 (pyrite) formation over extended periods of stressing indicates that the amount of sulfur reacting with the substrates decreased with the increasing thermal stressing time. A focused ion beam (FIB)/SEM analysis showed that the metal sulfide formation can extend up to 2 μm depth from the surface in 2 h of thermal stressing. The formation of metal sulfides on alloy surfaces degrades the alloy surfaces and affects solid carbon deposition from jet fuel.

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