Characterization of spontaneous gacS and gacA regulatory mutants of Pseudomonas fluorescens biocontrol strain CHA0

Carolee T. Bull, Brion Duffy, Christophe Voisard, Geneviève Défago, Christoph Keel, Dieter Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0, the response regulator gene gacA controls expression of extracellular enzymes and antifungal secondary metabolites, which are important for this strain's biocontrol activity in the plant rhizosphere. Two Tn5 insertion mutants of strain CHA0 that had the same pleiotropic phenotype as gacA mutants were complemented by the gacS sensor kinase gene of P. syringae pv. syringae as well as that of P. fluorescens strain Pf-5, indicating that both transposon insertions had occurred in the gacS gene of strain CHA0. This conclusion was supported by Southern hybridisation using a gacS probe from strain Pf-5. Overexpression of the wild-type gacA gene partially compensated for the gacS mutation, however, the overexpressed gacA gene was not stably maintained, suggesting that this is deleterious to the bacterium. Strain CHA0 grown to stationary phase in nutrient-rich liquid media for several days accumulated spontaneous pleiotropic mutants to levels representing 1.25% of the population; all mutants lacked key antifungal metabolites and extracellular protease. Half of 44 spontaneous mutants tested were complemented by gacS, the other half were restored by gacA. Independent point and deletion mutations arose at different sites in the gacA gene. In competition experiments with mixtures of the wild type and a gacA mutant incubated in nutrient-rich broth, the mutant population temporarily increased as the wild type decreased. In conclusion, loss of gacA function can confer a selective advantage on strain CHA0 under laboratory conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-336
Number of pages10
JournalAntonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology
Volume79
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 2001

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Pseudomonas fluorescens
Genes
Food
Rhizosphere
Sequence Deletion
Regulator Genes
Point Mutation
Population
Peptide Hydrolases
Phosphotransferases
Bacteria
Phenotype
Mutation
Enzymes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of spontaneous gacS and gacA regulatory mutants of Pseudomonas fluorescens biocontrol strain CHA0",
abstract = "In Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0, the response regulator gene gacA controls expression of extracellular enzymes and antifungal secondary metabolites, which are important for this strain's biocontrol activity in the plant rhizosphere. Two Tn5 insertion mutants of strain CHA0 that had the same pleiotropic phenotype as gacA mutants were complemented by the gacS sensor kinase gene of P. syringae pv. syringae as well as that of P. fluorescens strain Pf-5, indicating that both transposon insertions had occurred in the gacS gene of strain CHA0. This conclusion was supported by Southern hybridisation using a gacS probe from strain Pf-5. Overexpression of the wild-type gacA gene partially compensated for the gacS mutation, however, the overexpressed gacA gene was not stably maintained, suggesting that this is deleterious to the bacterium. Strain CHA0 grown to stationary phase in nutrient-rich liquid media for several days accumulated spontaneous pleiotropic mutants to levels representing 1.25{\%} of the population; all mutants lacked key antifungal metabolites and extracellular protease. Half of 44 spontaneous mutants tested were complemented by gacS, the other half were restored by gacA. Independent point and deletion mutations arose at different sites in the gacA gene. In competition experiments with mixtures of the wild type and a gacA mutant incubated in nutrient-rich broth, the mutant population temporarily increased as the wild type decreased. In conclusion, loss of gacA function can confer a selective advantage on strain CHA0 under laboratory conditions.",
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Characterization of spontaneous gacS and gacA regulatory mutants of Pseudomonas fluorescens biocontrol strain CHA0. / Bull, Carolee T.; Duffy, Brion; Voisard, Christophe; Défago, Geneviève; Keel, Christoph; Haas, Dieter.

In: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology, Vol. 79, No. 3-4, 26.11.2001, p. 327-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of spontaneous gacS and gacA regulatory mutants of Pseudomonas fluorescens biocontrol strain CHA0

AU - Bull, Carolee T.

AU - Duffy, Brion

AU - Voisard, Christophe

AU - Défago, Geneviève

AU - Keel, Christoph

AU - Haas, Dieter

PY - 2001/11/26

Y1 - 2001/11/26

N2 - In Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0, the response regulator gene gacA controls expression of extracellular enzymes and antifungal secondary metabolites, which are important for this strain's biocontrol activity in the plant rhizosphere. Two Tn5 insertion mutants of strain CHA0 that had the same pleiotropic phenotype as gacA mutants were complemented by the gacS sensor kinase gene of P. syringae pv. syringae as well as that of P. fluorescens strain Pf-5, indicating that both transposon insertions had occurred in the gacS gene of strain CHA0. This conclusion was supported by Southern hybridisation using a gacS probe from strain Pf-5. Overexpression of the wild-type gacA gene partially compensated for the gacS mutation, however, the overexpressed gacA gene was not stably maintained, suggesting that this is deleterious to the bacterium. Strain CHA0 grown to stationary phase in nutrient-rich liquid media for several days accumulated spontaneous pleiotropic mutants to levels representing 1.25% of the population; all mutants lacked key antifungal metabolites and extracellular protease. Half of 44 spontaneous mutants tested were complemented by gacS, the other half were restored by gacA. Independent point and deletion mutations arose at different sites in the gacA gene. In competition experiments with mixtures of the wild type and a gacA mutant incubated in nutrient-rich broth, the mutant population temporarily increased as the wild type decreased. In conclusion, loss of gacA function can confer a selective advantage on strain CHA0 under laboratory conditions.

AB - In Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0, the response regulator gene gacA controls expression of extracellular enzymes and antifungal secondary metabolites, which are important for this strain's biocontrol activity in the plant rhizosphere. Two Tn5 insertion mutants of strain CHA0 that had the same pleiotropic phenotype as gacA mutants were complemented by the gacS sensor kinase gene of P. syringae pv. syringae as well as that of P. fluorescens strain Pf-5, indicating that both transposon insertions had occurred in the gacS gene of strain CHA0. This conclusion was supported by Southern hybridisation using a gacS probe from strain Pf-5. Overexpression of the wild-type gacA gene partially compensated for the gacS mutation, however, the overexpressed gacA gene was not stably maintained, suggesting that this is deleterious to the bacterium. Strain CHA0 grown to stationary phase in nutrient-rich liquid media for several days accumulated spontaneous pleiotropic mutants to levels representing 1.25% of the population; all mutants lacked key antifungal metabolites and extracellular protease. Half of 44 spontaneous mutants tested were complemented by gacS, the other half were restored by gacA. Independent point and deletion mutations arose at different sites in the gacA gene. In competition experiments with mixtures of the wild type and a gacA mutant incubated in nutrient-rich broth, the mutant population temporarily increased as the wild type decreased. In conclusion, loss of gacA function can confer a selective advantage on strain CHA0 under laboratory conditions.

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