Characterization of the diurnal rhythm of peptide YY and its association with energy balance parameters in normal-weight premenopausal women

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Abstract

PYY may play a role in modulating satiety and energy expenditure; increasing PYY postprandially has been studied largely in single-meal responses. The diurnal rhythm of PYY and its role in energy balance have not been fully characterized. The purpose of our study was to characterize features of the diurnal rhythm of PYY and determine its role in regulating energy balance. This study was a cross-sectional analysis of 11 subjects in whom 24-h repeated blood sampling was conducted at baseline of a larger prospective study. Breakfast (B), lunch (L), dinner (D), and a snack (S) occurred between 0900 and 1900. Total PYY was assayed every hour from 0800 to 1000, every 20 min from 1000 to 2000, and every hour from 2000 to 0800. PYY variables included total AUC, postprandial peaks, and 24-h mean. Energy balance variables included energy intake, RMR, RQ, and NEAT. PYY postprandial peaks were significantly higher than fasting (P < 0.05). Twenty-four-hour peak PYY occurred after L and was significantly higher than all other peaks (P < 0.05). A cubic curve function accounted for most of the variance in PYY (r2 = 69.9%, P < 0.01). Fasting PYY (0800) correlated with postprandial peaks at B (r = 0.77, P = 0.01), L (r = 0.71, P = 0.01), and D (r = 0.65, P = 0.03). The only significant association between PYY and energy expenditure was that RMR (kcal/24 h) correlated with 24-h mean PYY (r = 0.71, P = 0.013) and total AUC (r = 0.69, P = 0.019). We conclude that PYY displays a meal-driven diurnal rhythm and is correlated to RMR, a major contributor to energy expenditure. Thus, PYY varies in accordance with energy content and RMR, supporting a role for PYY in energy balance modulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E409-E415
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume301
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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