Characterization of the Viscosity of Blends of Dimethyl Ether with Various Fuels and Additives

Shirish Bhide, David Morris, Jonathan Leroux, Kimberly S. Wain, Joseph Manuel Sr Perez, André L. Boehman

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Dimethyl ether (DME) is a potential ultra clean diesel fuel. Dimethyl ether burns without producing the smoke associated with diesel combustion and can be manufactured from synthesis gas or methanol. However, DME has a low viscosity compared to diesel fuel and has insufficient lubricity to prevent excessive wear in fuel injection systems. One strategy to utilize DME is to blend it with diesel fuel to obtain cleaner burning fuels that retain satisfactory fuel properties. In the present work, the viscosity of blends of DME and various fuels and additives was characterized, including a federal low sulfur fuel, soybean oil, biodiesel and various lubricity additives, over a range of blend ratios. A methodology was developed to utilize a high pressure capillary viscometer to measure the viscosity of pure DME and blends of DME and other compounds in varying proportions and at pressures up to 3500 psig. While DME is miscible in diesel fuel at any mixture fraction when the blend is held under pressures of 75 psi or above, the viscosity of the blends is below the ASTM diesel fuel specification for even a 25 wt.% blend of DME in diesel fuel. None of the additives or fuels provides adequate viscosity when blended with DME unless the blend contains less than 50% DME. Viscosity, rather than lubricity, may be the lmiting factor in utilizing DME.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-215
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE
Volume40
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003
EventProceedings of the 2003 Spring Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division - Salzburg, Austria
Duration: May 11 2003May 14 2003

Fingerprint

Ethers
Viscosity
Diesel fuels
Soybean oil
Viscometers
Synthesis gas
Capillarity
Fuel injection
Biodiesel
Smoke
Methanol
Sulfur
Wear of materials
Specifications

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Bhide, Shirish ; Morris, David ; Leroux, Jonathan ; Wain, Kimberly S. ; Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr ; Boehman, André L. / Characterization of the Viscosity of Blends of Dimethyl Ether with Various Fuels and Additives. In: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE. 2003 ; Vol. 40. pp. 207-215.
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Characterization of the Viscosity of Blends of Dimethyl Ether with Various Fuels and Additives. / Bhide, Shirish; Morris, David; Leroux, Jonathan; Wain, Kimberly S.; Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr; Boehman, André L.

In: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE, Vol. 40, 01.12.2003, p. 207-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Morris, David

AU - Leroux, Jonathan

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N2 - Dimethyl ether (DME) is a potential ultra clean diesel fuel. Dimethyl ether burns without producing the smoke associated with diesel combustion and can be manufactured from synthesis gas or methanol. However, DME has a low viscosity compared to diesel fuel and has insufficient lubricity to prevent excessive wear in fuel injection systems. One strategy to utilize DME is to blend it with diesel fuel to obtain cleaner burning fuels that retain satisfactory fuel properties. In the present work, the viscosity of blends of DME and various fuels and additives was characterized, including a federal low sulfur fuel, soybean oil, biodiesel and various lubricity additives, over a range of blend ratios. A methodology was developed to utilize a high pressure capillary viscometer to measure the viscosity of pure DME and blends of DME and other compounds in varying proportions and at pressures up to 3500 psig. While DME is miscible in diesel fuel at any mixture fraction when the blend is held under pressures of 75 psi or above, the viscosity of the blends is below the ASTM diesel fuel specification for even a 25 wt.% blend of DME in diesel fuel. None of the additives or fuels provides adequate viscosity when blended with DME unless the blend contains less than 50% DME. Viscosity, rather than lubricity, may be the lmiting factor in utilizing DME.

AB - Dimethyl ether (DME) is a potential ultra clean diesel fuel. Dimethyl ether burns without producing the smoke associated with diesel combustion and can be manufactured from synthesis gas or methanol. However, DME has a low viscosity compared to diesel fuel and has insufficient lubricity to prevent excessive wear in fuel injection systems. One strategy to utilize DME is to blend it with diesel fuel to obtain cleaner burning fuels that retain satisfactory fuel properties. In the present work, the viscosity of blends of DME and various fuels and additives was characterized, including a federal low sulfur fuel, soybean oil, biodiesel and various lubricity additives, over a range of blend ratios. A methodology was developed to utilize a high pressure capillary viscometer to measure the viscosity of pure DME and blends of DME and other compounds in varying proportions and at pressures up to 3500 psig. While DME is miscible in diesel fuel at any mixture fraction when the blend is held under pressures of 75 psi or above, the viscosity of the blends is below the ASTM diesel fuel specification for even a 25 wt.% blend of DME in diesel fuel. None of the additives or fuels provides adequate viscosity when blended with DME unless the blend contains less than 50% DME. Viscosity, rather than lubricity, may be the lmiting factor in utilizing DME.

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