Characterization of water in proton-conducting membranes by deuterium NMR T 1 relaxation

David K. Lee, Tomonori Saito, Alan J. Benesi, Michael Anthony Hickner, Harry R. Allcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

2H T1 NMR relaxation was used to characterize the molecular motion of deuterated water (2H2O) in Aquivion E87-05, Nafion 117, and sulfonated-Radel proton-exchange membranes. The presence of bound water with solid character was confirmed by the dependence of the 2H T1 relaxation on the magnetic field of the spectrometer. By comparing the 2H T1 relaxation times of the different membranes that were equilibrated in varying humidities, the factors that influence the state of water in the membranes were identified. At low levels of hydration, the molecular motion of 2H2O is affected by the acidity and mobility of the sulfonic acid groups to which the water molecules are coordinated. At higher levels of hydration, the molecular motion of 2H2O is affected by the phase separation of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic domains and the size of the hydrophilic domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-783
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume115
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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