Damage modes are drastically different for concrete under complex stress states. This study investigates damage in high-strength concrete under triaxial loading with confinement pressures up to 200 MPa, while also considering effects from changes in specimen length-to-diameter ratio. Damage was observed and segmented using X-ray microtomography. Hydrostatic pressures up to 200 MPa were fully reversible and caused no detectable damage, thus triaxial deviator stresses dictated damage extent. Brittle failure modes produced shear cracks at angles of 25-30° that became more distributed with increased confinement. Ductile failure modes observed pore collapse with residual strengths being ∼30–50% of pristine strengths.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)