Characterizing impulsive noise with A-weighted sound pressure, kurtosis, and higher order statistical moments

Edward Zechmann, William Murphy, Daniel Allen Russell, Ingrid Blood

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Permanent hearing loss and tinnitus are the first and second most common disabilities for current members and veterans of the US armed services. The recently finalized Military Standard 1474E for noise uses the peak sound pressure level, A-weighted equivalent level and the Auditory Hazard Assessment Algorithm for Humans (AHAAH)model. An alternate approach uses the kurtosis statistic to indicate the extent of impulsiveness of the sound pressure waveform. This paper discusses how the characterization of impulsive noise by the A-weighted equivalent level can be supplemented with kurtosis. Impulsive noise is processed in the time domain using A-weighting filters and one-third octave band filters. Each one-third octave band has its own analysis time window that is the maximum of five wave periods or 0.01 seconds. For all one-third octave bands, the sound pressure waveform is processed using a time step of 0.01 seconds. Overlapping of the analysis time windows may occur below 500 Hz. The short time step provides a higher temporal resolution for modelling the acoustic reflex. A dataset of fifty previously collected acoustic waveform stimuli are used to test the signal processing methods. The dataset was originally collected by SUNY-Plattsburg, New York and USAARL in Fort Rucker, AL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationINTER-NOISE 2015 - 44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering
PublisherThe Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, Inc.
StatePublished - 2015
Event44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, INTER-NOISE 2015 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Aug 9 2015Aug 12 2015

Other

Other44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, INTER-NOISE 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period8/9/158/12/15

Fingerprint

distribution moments
kurtosis
sound pressure
octaves
waveforms
disabilities
filters
reflexes
auditory defects
acoustics
temporal resolution
stimuli
hazards
signal processing
statistics
high resolution

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Zechmann, E., Murphy, W., Russell, D. A., & Blood, I. (2015). Characterizing impulsive noise with A-weighted sound pressure, kurtosis, and higher order statistical moments. In INTER-NOISE 2015 - 44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering The Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, Inc..
Zechmann, Edward ; Murphy, William ; Russell, Daniel Allen ; Blood, Ingrid. / Characterizing impulsive noise with A-weighted sound pressure, kurtosis, and higher order statistical moments. INTER-NOISE 2015 - 44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering. The Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, Inc., 2015.
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Zechmann, E, Murphy, W, Russell, DA & Blood, I 2015, Characterizing impulsive noise with A-weighted sound pressure, kurtosis, and higher order statistical moments. in INTER-NOISE 2015 - 44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering. The Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, Inc., 44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, INTER-NOISE 2015, San Francisco, United States, 8/9/15.

Characterizing impulsive noise with A-weighted sound pressure, kurtosis, and higher order statistical moments. / Zechmann, Edward; Murphy, William; Russell, Daniel Allen; Blood, Ingrid.

INTER-NOISE 2015 - 44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering. The Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, Inc., 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Zechmann E, Murphy W, Russell DA, Blood I. Characterizing impulsive noise with A-weighted sound pressure, kurtosis, and higher order statistical moments. In INTER-NOISE 2015 - 44th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering. The Institute of Noise Control Engineering of the USA, Inc. 2015