Charge density effects in salt-free polyelectrolyte solution rheology

Shichen Dou, Ralph H. Colby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solution rheology of 2-vinyl pyridine and N-methyl-2-vinyl pyridinium chloride random copolymers in ethylene glycol was studied over wide ranges of concentration and effective charge. The fraction of quaternized monomers α and the fraction of monomers bearing an effective charge f of these copolymers were measured using counterion titration and dielectric spectroscopy, respectively. Ethylene glycol is a good solvent for neutral poly(2-vinyl pyridine), with very few ionic impurities. The viscosity η and relaxation time τ of dilute and semidilute unentangled solutions exhibit the scaling with concentration and effective charge expected by the Dobrynin model. Reduced viscosity data are independent of concentration in dilute solution, giving an intrinsic viscosity that depends on effective charge, and the experimental data obey the Fuoss law in the semidilute unentangled regime. Scaling concentration with the overlap concentration (c/c*) reduces these data to common curves, and c* ∼ f- 12/7 as predicted by the Dobrynin model, where f is the fraction of monomers bearing an effective charge. While the overlap concentration depends strongly on effective charge until counterion condensation occurs, the entanglement concentration c e is surprisingly insensitive to effective charge, indicating that entanglement effects are not understood using the Dobrynin model. The terminal modulus G = η/τ depends only on the number density of chains G = ckT/N for c* < c < c e, and G ∼ c 3/2 for c > c e independent of the effective charge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2001-2013
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume44
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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