Charge transfer mediation through CuxS. The hole story of CdSe in polysulfide

James G. Radich, Nevin R. Peeples, Pralay K. Santra, Prashant V. Kamat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hole transfer to dissolved sulfide species in liquid junction CdSe quantum dot sensitized solar cells is relatively slow when compared to electron transfer from CdSe to TiO2. Controlled exposure of cadmium chalcogenide surfaces to copper ions followed by immersion in sulfide solution promotes development of the interfacial CuxS layer, which mediates hole transfer to polysulfide electrolyte by collection of photogenerated holes from CdSe. In addition, CuxS was also found to interact directly with defect states on the CdSe surface and quench emission characteristic of electron traps resulting from selenide vacancies. Together these effects were found to work in tandem to deliver 6.6% power conversion efficiency using Mn-doped CdS and CdSe cosensitized quantum dot solar cells. Development of an n-p interfacial junction at the photoanode-electrolyte interface in quantum dot solar cells unveils new means for designing high efficiency liquid junction solar cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16463-16471
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume118
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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