Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy is employed to investigate charge transport properties of two polyester ether ionomers in the bulk state and when confined in unidirectional nanoporous membranes (average pore diameter = 7.5 nm). Under nanometric confinement in nonsilanized pores, the macroscopic transport quantities (dc conductivity and characteristic frequency rate) are lower by about 1.4 decades compared to the bulk. The remarkable decrease of transport quantities in nonsilanized nanoporous membranes can be quantitatively explained by considering the temperature dependence of the interfacial layer between the ionomer and the silica membrane surfaces. On the other hand, an enhancement of dc conductivity is observed when the surfaces of the pores are treated with a nonpolar organosilane. This effect becomes more pronounced at lower temperatures and is attributed to slight changes in molecular packing density caused by the two-dimensional geometrical constraint.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry