Charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leadership: An examination of multi-level influences on emergence and performance

Michael D. Mumford, Samuel T. Hunter, Tamara L. Friedrich, Jay J. Caughron

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Theories of outstanding, historically notable, leadership have traditionally emphasized eharisma. Recent research, however, suggests that charisma may represent only one pathway to outstanding leadership. Outstanding leadership may also emerge from ideological and pragmatic leadership. In this article, we examine the conditions influencing the emergence and performance of charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leaders. It is argued that different conditions operating at the environmental, organizational, group, and individual levels influence the emergence and performance of each of these three types of leaders. Implications for understanding the origins and impact of charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leaders are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-116
Number of pages38
JournalResearch in Multi-Level Issues
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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