Theories of outstanding, historically notable, leadership have traditionally emphasized eharisma. Recent research, however, suggests that charisma may represent only one pathway to outstanding leadership. Outstanding leadership may also emerge from ideological and pragmatic leadership. In this article, we examine the conditions influencing the emergence and performance of charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leaders. It is argued that different conditions operating at the environmental, organizational, group, and individual levels influence the emergence and performance of each of these three types of leaders. Implications for understanding the origins and impact of charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leaders are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||38|
|Journal||Research in Multi-Level Issues|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)