Chemical transformation of Pt-Fe3O4 colloidal hybrid nanoparticles into PtPb-Fe3O4 and Pt3Sn-Fe 3O4 heterodimers and (PtPb-Fe3O 4)n nanoflowers

Matthew J. Bradley, Adam J. Biacchi, Raymond E. Schaak

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31 Scopus citations


Colloidal hybrid nanoparticles contain multiple domains that are directly fused together through a solid-solid interface, which facilitates synergistic interactions between the components that can lead to enhanced properties, as well as multifunctionality in a single particle. By nucleating one nanoparticle on the surface of another, a growing number of these hybrid nanoparticles can be synthesized. However, to rapidly expand the materials diversity of such systems, alternative routes to heterogeneous seeded nucleation are needed. Here, we show that solution-mediated chemical transformation reactions, which are well established for pseudomorphically transforming colloidal metal nanoparticles into derivative metal-containing phases, can also be applied to colloidal hybrid nanoparticles. Specifically, we show that Pt-Fe 3O4 heterodimers react with Pb(acac)2 and Sn(acac)2 at 180-200 C in a mixture of benzyl ether, oleylamine, oleic acid, and tert-butylamine borane to form PtPb-Fe3O4 and Pt3Sn-Fe3O4 heterodimers, respectively. This chemical transformation reaction introduces intermetallic and alloy components into the heterodimers, proceeds with morphological retention, and preserves the solid-solid interface that characterizes these hybrid nanoparticle systems. In addition, the PtPb-Fe3O4 heterodimers spontaneously aggregate to form colloidally stable (PtPb-Fe3O 4)n nanoflowers via a process that is conceptually analogous to a molecular condensation reaction. These reactions add to the growing toolbox of predictable manipulations of colloidal hybrid nanoparticles, ultimately expanding their materials diversity and range of potential applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1886-1892
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 14 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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