Nanostructured starches are naturally derived nanomaterials that can be chemically modified to allow for the introduction of functional groups, enhancing their potential for drug delivery and other biotechnology applications. In this proof of concept study, we investigate chemically modified, enzymatically synthesized glycogen (ESG) nanodendrites as a biodegradable, biocompatible, siRNA delivery system. Commercially available ESG was modified using glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride (GTMA), introducing quaternary ammonium groups via an epoxide ring opening reaction. This cationic ESG (cESG) electrostatically bound siRNA and successfully knocked down protein expression in an in vitro ovarian clear cell carcinoma model. The construct exhibited sustained siRNA delivery for up to 6 days while exhibiting less toxicity than a common liposome-based siRNA delivery reagent, Lipofectamine RNAiMAX. These promising results set the stage for the use of dendritic starch as a cost-effective, easily modifiable nanoscale delivery system for a diverse range of cargo including nucleic acids and therapeutic compounds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Organic Chemistry