Adsorption of CO on a Ni(100) surface has been investigated using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). At room temperature the positive ion spectra show Ni+, Ni+2, Ni+3, NiCO+ and Ni2CO+. At saturation coverage, small amounts of Ni3CO+ and Ni+4 appear. All ions show a smooth increase in intensity with CO adsorption and reach saturation after 2 L CO or half monolayer coverage as measured by XPS. The NiCO+/Ni+ ratio shows a plateau at 2 L and a rise at 4-6 L that reflects the change from the c(2 × 2) to a hexagonal LEED structure observed by Tracy. The measured Ni2CO+ ratio is higher at very low coverages than at saturation. Based on ejection-yield calculations this observation suggests that a high percentage of bridged bonded CO may be present in the early stages of adsorption. Ni(2p 3 2), O(1s) and C(1s) XPS spectra from the clean and CO saturated surface are presented. CO adsorption on a partly C covered Ni(100) surface caused a strong increase in the C(1s) intensity but no increase in the O(1s) intensity and is taken to indicate the presence of a disproportionation reaction. Exposure to CO at 523 K showed no NiCO+ or Ni2CO+, but appearance of ions like C+, C+2, NiC+ Ni2C+, and Ni2O+ indicated dissociative adsorption. A sputtered Ni(100) surface had a much larger capacity for CO uptake as indicated by increased ion yields.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry