Epidemiological and experimental studies have suggested that dietary supplementation with selenium can inhibit the development of cancers at several organ sites. We have consistently shown that 1,4-phenylene bis(methylene) selenocyanate (p-XSC) is a highly effective cancer chemopreventive agent against the development of chemically induced cancers in several laboratory animal species. This is the first report describing the preventive effects of p-XSC in an animal model of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) containing a germline mutation of the APC gene. Six-week old male (heterozygous) C57BL/6J-APC(min) or wild-type mice were fed high fat diets containing 0, 10 or 20 p.p.m. p-XSC. After 80 days, the mice were killed and their intestines were excised and evaluated for polyps. Multiple samples were also harvested from normal appearing small intestine and colon for molecular analysis. Both the mucosa and polyps from the intestine and colon were assayed for β-catenin, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression and COX isoform activities. Administration of p-XSC in the diet significantly decreased the rate of formation of small intestinal tumors (P < 0.0001) and colon tumors (P < 0.002) in APC(min) mice. p-XSC produced a dose-dependent inhibition of tumors in both small intestine (P < 0.0001) and colon (P < 0.035). Mice fed 20 p.p.m. p-XSC had significantly lower levels of β-catenin expression and COX-2 activity in polyps. These observations demonstrate for the first time that the synthetic organoselenium compound p-XSC possesses antitumor activity against genetically predisposed neoplastic lesions, such as FAP. While the exact mechanism(s) for this antitumor activity of p-XSC remains to be elucidated, it appears that modulation of β-catenin expression and COX-2 activity is associated with inhibition of intestinal polyps.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research