Chemoprevention of lung tumorigenesis induced by a mixture of benzo(a)pyrene and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone by the organoselenium compound 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate

Bogdan Prokopczyk, José G. Rosa, Dhimant Desai, Shantu Amin, Ock Soon Sohn, Emerich S. Fiala, Karam El-Bayoumy

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Abstract

We evaluated the chemopreventive efficacy of the organoselenium compound 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) against the development of tumors of the lung and forestomach induced by a mixture of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), two of the major lung carcinogens present in tobacco smoke. A/J mice (20 mice/group) were given intragastric doses of a mixture of B(a)P (3 μmol/mouse) and NNK (3 μmol/mouse) in cottonseed oil (0.1 ml) once a week for eight consecutive weeks. Mice were fed either AIN-76A control diet or control diet containing p-XSC (10 ppm selenium), either during or after carcinogen administration. Dietary p-XSC significantly reduced lung tumor multiplicity, regardless of whether it was given during or after carcinogen administration. p-XSC was also an effective inhibitor of tumor development in the forestomach. To provide some biochemical insights into the protective role of p-XSC, its effect on selected phase I and II enzyme activities involved in the metabolism of NNK and B(a)P was also examined in vivo in this animal model. Dietary p-XSC significantly inhibited the activities of the phase I enzymes, methoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (MROD) and N-nitrosodimethylamine N-demethylase (NDMAD), in mouse liver, but it had no effect on ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD), pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (PROD), and erythromycin N-demethylase (ERYTD). Total glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme activity, as well as GST-π and GST-μ enzyme activities, were significantly induced by dietary p-XSC in both the lung and liver. Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity was also induced by p-XSC in mouse lung, but not in the liver. Dietary p-XSC had no effect on selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPX(Se)), GST-α, and UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UDPGT) enzyme activities in either the lung or the liver. These studies suggest that the chemopreventive efficacy of p-XSC, when fed during carcinogen administration, may be, in part, due to the inhibition of certain phase I enzymes involved in the metabolic activation of these carcinogens, and the induction of specific phase II enzymes involved in their detoxification. The mechanisms that account for the effect of p-XSC when fed after carcinogen administration remain to be determined. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-46
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Letters
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 2000

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Organoselenium Compounds
Benzo(a)pyrene
Chemoprevention
Carcinogenesis
Carcinogens
Lung
Glutathione Transferase
Enzymes
Liver
Selenium
Glutathione Peroxidase
N Demethylating Oxidoreductases
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B1
Diet
Cottonseed Oil
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1
Neoplasms
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
Uridine Diphosphate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

@article{abceb863f85d485da0041cc58cdde186,
title = "Chemoprevention of lung tumorigenesis induced by a mixture of benzo(a)pyrene and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone by the organoselenium compound 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate",
abstract = "We evaluated the chemopreventive efficacy of the organoselenium compound 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) against the development of tumors of the lung and forestomach induced by a mixture of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), two of the major lung carcinogens present in tobacco smoke. A/J mice (20 mice/group) were given intragastric doses of a mixture of B(a)P (3 μmol/mouse) and NNK (3 μmol/mouse) in cottonseed oil (0.1 ml) once a week for eight consecutive weeks. Mice were fed either AIN-76A control diet or control diet containing p-XSC (10 ppm selenium), either during or after carcinogen administration. Dietary p-XSC significantly reduced lung tumor multiplicity, regardless of whether it was given during or after carcinogen administration. p-XSC was also an effective inhibitor of tumor development in the forestomach. To provide some biochemical insights into the protective role of p-XSC, its effect on selected phase I and II enzyme activities involved in the metabolism of NNK and B(a)P was also examined in vivo in this animal model. Dietary p-XSC significantly inhibited the activities of the phase I enzymes, methoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (MROD) and N-nitrosodimethylamine N-demethylase (NDMAD), in mouse liver, but it had no effect on ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD), pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (PROD), and erythromycin N-demethylase (ERYTD). Total glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme activity, as well as GST-π and GST-μ enzyme activities, were significantly induced by dietary p-XSC in both the lung and liver. Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity was also induced by p-XSC in mouse lung, but not in the liver. Dietary p-XSC had no effect on selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPX(Se)), GST-α, and UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UDPGT) enzyme activities in either the lung or the liver. These studies suggest that the chemopreventive efficacy of p-XSC, when fed during carcinogen administration, may be, in part, due to the inhibition of certain phase I enzymes involved in the metabolic activation of these carcinogens, and the induction of specific phase II enzymes involved in their detoxification. The mechanisms that account for the effect of p-XSC when fed after carcinogen administration remain to be determined. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.",
author = "Bogdan Prokopczyk and Rosa, {Jos{\'e} G.} and Dhimant Desai and Shantu Amin and Sohn, {Ock Soon} and Fiala, {Emerich S.} and Karam El-Bayoumy",
year = "2000",
month = "12",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1016/S0304-3835(00)00590-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "161",
pages = "35--46",
journal = "Cancer Letters",
issn = "0304-3835",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemoprevention of lung tumorigenesis induced by a mixture of benzo(a)pyrene and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone by the organoselenium compound 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate

AU - Prokopczyk, Bogdan

AU - Rosa, José G.

AU - Desai, Dhimant

AU - Amin, Shantu

AU - Sohn, Ock Soon

AU - Fiala, Emerich S.

AU - El-Bayoumy, Karam

PY - 2000/12/8

Y1 - 2000/12/8

N2 - We evaluated the chemopreventive efficacy of the organoselenium compound 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) against the development of tumors of the lung and forestomach induced by a mixture of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), two of the major lung carcinogens present in tobacco smoke. A/J mice (20 mice/group) were given intragastric doses of a mixture of B(a)P (3 μmol/mouse) and NNK (3 μmol/mouse) in cottonseed oil (0.1 ml) once a week for eight consecutive weeks. Mice were fed either AIN-76A control diet or control diet containing p-XSC (10 ppm selenium), either during or after carcinogen administration. Dietary p-XSC significantly reduced lung tumor multiplicity, regardless of whether it was given during or after carcinogen administration. p-XSC was also an effective inhibitor of tumor development in the forestomach. To provide some biochemical insights into the protective role of p-XSC, its effect on selected phase I and II enzyme activities involved in the metabolism of NNK and B(a)P was also examined in vivo in this animal model. Dietary p-XSC significantly inhibited the activities of the phase I enzymes, methoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (MROD) and N-nitrosodimethylamine N-demethylase (NDMAD), in mouse liver, but it had no effect on ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD), pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (PROD), and erythromycin N-demethylase (ERYTD). Total glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme activity, as well as GST-π and GST-μ enzyme activities, were significantly induced by dietary p-XSC in both the lung and liver. Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity was also induced by p-XSC in mouse lung, but not in the liver. Dietary p-XSC had no effect on selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPX(Se)), GST-α, and UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UDPGT) enzyme activities in either the lung or the liver. These studies suggest that the chemopreventive efficacy of p-XSC, when fed during carcinogen administration, may be, in part, due to the inhibition of certain phase I enzymes involved in the metabolic activation of these carcinogens, and the induction of specific phase II enzymes involved in their detoxification. The mechanisms that account for the effect of p-XSC when fed after carcinogen administration remain to be determined. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

AB - We evaluated the chemopreventive efficacy of the organoselenium compound 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) against the development of tumors of the lung and forestomach induced by a mixture of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), two of the major lung carcinogens present in tobacco smoke. A/J mice (20 mice/group) were given intragastric doses of a mixture of B(a)P (3 μmol/mouse) and NNK (3 μmol/mouse) in cottonseed oil (0.1 ml) once a week for eight consecutive weeks. Mice were fed either AIN-76A control diet or control diet containing p-XSC (10 ppm selenium), either during or after carcinogen administration. Dietary p-XSC significantly reduced lung tumor multiplicity, regardless of whether it was given during or after carcinogen administration. p-XSC was also an effective inhibitor of tumor development in the forestomach. To provide some biochemical insights into the protective role of p-XSC, its effect on selected phase I and II enzyme activities involved in the metabolism of NNK and B(a)P was also examined in vivo in this animal model. Dietary p-XSC significantly inhibited the activities of the phase I enzymes, methoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (MROD) and N-nitrosodimethylamine N-demethylase (NDMAD), in mouse liver, but it had no effect on ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD), pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (PROD), and erythromycin N-demethylase (ERYTD). Total glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme activity, as well as GST-π and GST-μ enzyme activities, were significantly induced by dietary p-XSC in both the lung and liver. Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity was also induced by p-XSC in mouse lung, but not in the liver. Dietary p-XSC had no effect on selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPX(Se)), GST-α, and UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UDPGT) enzyme activities in either the lung or the liver. These studies suggest that the chemopreventive efficacy of p-XSC, when fed during carcinogen administration, may be, in part, due to the inhibition of certain phase I enzymes involved in the metabolic activation of these carcinogens, and the induction of specific phase II enzymes involved in their detoxification. The mechanisms that account for the effect of p-XSC when fed after carcinogen administration remain to be determined. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

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