The influence of children's age, and parents' and children's gender on parents' attributions and emotional and behavioral responses to their children's successful and unsuccessful social and academic outcomes, was investigated. Seventy-six dual-parent families (mothers and fathers) of fifth (n = 28), eighth (n = 23), and eleventh grade (n = 25) children participated. The results of this study suggest that from fifth grade on, at least, the ways parents explain the causes of and respond to their children's social behavior and academic outcomes involves a complex interaction of children's age, children's gender, parents' gender, domain, and outcome. Results are discussed in terms of children's socialization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Gender Studies
- Social Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology