A low-sulfated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG) has been shown to be the receptor for the adherence of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (IRBCs) in human placenta. Recently, hyaluronic acid (HA) has been suggested as an additional receptor even though IRBC binding to HA and the presence of HA at locations where IRBCs adhere in the placenta have not been established. In this study, we investigated whether HA is also a receptor for IRBC binding. IRBCs from infected placentas as well as those from different laboratory strains could bind to CSPG but not to HA. In a cell depletion assay, IRBCs from infected placentas could bind quantitatively to CSPG. Although CSPG is present both in the intervillous space and on the syncytiotrophoblast surface, HA is absent in these locations. These data conclusively demonstrate that CSPG, but not HA, is a receptor for IRBC adherence in the placenta. Our data also show, for the first time, that the IRBC-binding CSPG in the placenta is of fetal origin and that, in P. falciparum-infected placentas, the CSPG level is significantly increased, which could exacerbate IRBC adherence and placental pathogenesis. These results have important implications for the development of anti-IRBC adhesion-based vaccine for pregnancy-associated malaria.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine