The structures of the bovine corneal chondroitin sulfate (CS) chains and the nature of core proteins to which these chains are attached have not been studied in detail. In this study, we show that structurally diverse CS chains are present in bovine cornea and that they are mainly linked to decorin core protein. DEAE-Sephacel chromatography fractionated the corneal chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) into three distinct fractions, CSPG-I, CSPG-II, and CSPG-III. These CSPGs markedly differ in their CS and dermatan sulfate (DS) contents, and in particular the CS structure - the overall sulfate content and 4- to 6-sulfate ratio. In general, the CS chains of the corneal CSPGs have low to moderate levels (15-64%) of sulfated disaccharides and 0-30% DS content. Structural analysis indicated that the DS disaccharide units in the CS chains are segregated as large blocks. We have also assessed the suitability of the corneal CSPGs as an alternative to placental CSPG or the widely used bovine tracheal chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) for studying the structural interactions involved in the adherence of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (IRBCs) to chondroitin 4-sulfate. The data demonstrate that the corneal CSPGs efficiently bind IRBCs, and that the binding strength is either comparable or significantly higher than the placental CSPG. In contrast, the IRBC binding strength of bovine tracheal CSA is markedly lower than the human placental and bovine corneal CSPGs. Thus, our data demonstrate that the bovine corneal CSPG but not tracheal CSA is suitable for studying structural interactions involved in IRBC-C4S binding.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Biology