Chromosomal association of Ran during meiotic and mitotic divisions

Beth Hinkle, Boris Slepchenko, Melissa M. Rolls, Tobias C. Walther, Pascal A. Stein, Lisa M. Mehlmann, Jan Ellenberg, Mark Terasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies in Xenopus egg extracts indicate that the small G protein Ran has a central role in spindle assembly and nuclear envelope reformation. We determined Ran localization and dynamics in cells during M phase. By immunofluorescence, Ran is accumulated on the chromosomes of meiosis-II-arrested Xenopus eggs. In living cells, fluorescently labeled Ran associated with the chromosomes in Xenopus and remained associated during anaphase when eggs were artificially activated. Fluorescent Ran associated with chromosomes in mouse eggs, during meiotic maturation and early embryonic divisions in starfish, and to a lesser degree during mitosis of a cultured mammalian cell line. Chromosomal Ran undergoes constant flux. From photobleach experiments in immature starfish oocytes, chromosomal Ran has a koff of ∼0.06 second-1, and binding analysis suggests that there is a single major site. The chromosomal interactions may serve to keep Ran-GTP in the vicinity of the chromosomes for spindle assembly and nuclear envelope reformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4685-4693
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume115
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology

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