Chromosomal Gene Inactivation in the Green Sulfur Bacterium Chlorobium tepidum by Natural Transformation

Niels Ulrik Frigaard, Donald Ashley Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conditions for inactivating chromosomal genes of Chlorobium tepidum by natural transformation and homologous recombination were established. As a model, mutants unable to perform nitrogen fixation were constructed by interrupting nifD with various antibiotic resistance markers. Growth of wild-type C. tepidum at 40°C on agar plates could be completely inhibited by 100 μg of gentamicin ml-1, 2 μg of erythromycin ml-1, 30 μg of chloramphenicol ml-1, or 1 μg of tetracycline ml-1 or a combination of 300 μg of streptomycin ml-1 and 150 μg of spectinomycin ml-1. Transformation was performed by spotting cells and DNA on an agar plate for 10 to 20 h. Transformation frequencies on the order of 10-7 were observed with gentamicin and erythromycin markers, and transformation frequencies on the order of 10-3 were observed with a streptomycin-spectinomycin marker. The frequency of spontaneous mutants resistant to gentamicin, erythromycin, or spectinomycin-streptomycin was undetectable or significantly lower than the transformation frequency. Transformation with the gentamicin marker was observed when the transforming DNA contained 1 or 3 kb of total homologous flanking sequence but not when the transforming DNA contained only 0.3 kb of homologous sequence. Linearized plasmids transformed at least an order of magnitude better than circular plasmids. This work forms a foundation for the systematic targeted inactivation of genes in C. tepidum, whose 2.15-Mb genome has recently been completely sequenced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2538-2544
Number of pages7
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume67
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2001

Fingerprint

Chlorobium
Chlorobium tepidum
Chlorobi
Gene Silencing
gentamicin
Spectinomycin
Gentamicins
spectinomycin
erythromycin
inactivation
Streptomycin
Erythromycin
streptomycin
sulfur
bacterium
gene
Sequence Homology
sequence homology
Agar
DNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Microbiology

Cite this

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abstract = "Conditions for inactivating chromosomal genes of Chlorobium tepidum by natural transformation and homologous recombination were established. As a model, mutants unable to perform nitrogen fixation were constructed by interrupting nifD with various antibiotic resistance markers. Growth of wild-type C. tepidum at 40°C on agar plates could be completely inhibited by 100 μg of gentamicin ml-1, 2 μg of erythromycin ml-1, 30 μg of chloramphenicol ml-1, or 1 μg of tetracycline ml-1 or a combination of 300 μg of streptomycin ml-1 and 150 μg of spectinomycin ml-1. Transformation was performed by spotting cells and DNA on an agar plate for 10 to 20 h. Transformation frequencies on the order of 10-7 were observed with gentamicin and erythromycin markers, and transformation frequencies on the order of 10-3 were observed with a streptomycin-spectinomycin marker. The frequency of spontaneous mutants resistant to gentamicin, erythromycin, or spectinomycin-streptomycin was undetectable or significantly lower than the transformation frequency. Transformation with the gentamicin marker was observed when the transforming DNA contained 1 or 3 kb of total homologous flanking sequence but not when the transforming DNA contained only 0.3 kb of homologous sequence. Linearized plasmids transformed at least an order of magnitude better than circular plasmids. This work forms a foundation for the systematic targeted inactivation of genes in C. tepidum, whose 2.15-Mb genome has recently been completely sequenced.",
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Chromosomal Gene Inactivation in the Green Sulfur Bacterium Chlorobium tepidum by Natural Transformation. / Frigaard, Niels Ulrik; Bryant, Donald Ashley.

In: Applied and environmental microbiology, Vol. 67, No. 6, 01.06.2001, p. 2538-2544.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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