Chronic low-dose aspirin therapy attenuates reflex cutaneous vasodilation in middle-aged humans

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Abstract

Full expression of reflex cutaneous vasodilation is dependent on cyclooxygenase- (COX) and nitric oxide synthase- (NOS) dependent mechanisms. Low-dose aspirin therapy is widely prescribed to inhibit COX-1 in platelets for atherothrombotic prevention. We hypothesized that chronic COX inhibition with daily low-dose aspirin therapy (81 mg) would attenuate reflex vasodilation in healthy human skin. Two microdialysis fibers were placed in forearm skin of seven middle-aged (57 ± 3 yr), normotensive, healthy humans with no preexisting cardiovascular disease, taking daily low-dose aspirin therapy (aspirin: 81 mg), and seven unmedicated, healthy, age-matched control (no aspirin, 55 ± 3 yr) subjects, with one site serving as a control (Ringer) and the other NOS inhibited (NOS inhibited: 10 mM NG-nitro-L- arginine methyl ester). Red cell flux was measured over each site by laser-Doppler flowmetry, as reflex vasodilation was induced by increasing core temperature (oral temperature) 1.0°C using a water-perfused suit. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated (CVC = flux/mean arterial pressure) and normalized to maximal CVC (CVCmax; 28 mM sodium nitroprusside). CVCmax was not affected by either aspirin or NOS inhibition. The plateau in cutaneous vasodilation during heating (change in oral temperature = 1.0°C) was significantly attenuated in the aspirin group (aspirin: 25 ± 3% CVCmax vs. no aspirin: 50 ± 7% CVCmax, P < 0.001 between groups). NOS inhibition significantly attenuated %CVC max in both groups (aspirin: 17 ± 2% CVCmax, no aspirin: 23 ± 3% CVCmax; P < 0.001 vs. control), but this attenuation was less in the no-aspirin treatment group (P < 0.001). This is the first observation that chronic low-dose aspirin therapy attenuates reflex cutaneous vasodilation through both COX- and NOS-dependent mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-505
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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