Chronic vitamin A intake affects the expression of mRNA for apolipoprotein A-I, but not for nuclear retinoid receptors, in liver of young and aging Lewis rats

Reza Zolfaghari, A. Catharine Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the effects of chronic retinoid status and age on the steady-state levels in rat liver of the mRNAs for the retinoid-responsive gene apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I), and for three nuclear retinoid receptors, RAR-α, RAR-β, and RXR-α. Weanling male Lewis rats (five per age-diet group) were fed a semisynthetic diet with vitamin A at marginal, control, or supplemented levels until they were 2 or 8 months of age. The relative abundance of apo A-I mRNA (compared to β-actin which did not differ among treatments) was about 50% lower in aging versus young rats, regardless of their vitamin A status. For both ages, apo A-I mRNA was approximately 40-50% higher (P < 0.05) for the vitamin A-marginal groups and 2030% lower (P > 0.05) for the vitamin A-supplemented groups than the controls. Neither chronic diet nor age affected the levels of mRNA for RAR-α or RXR-α, two major retinoid receptors in liver, or for RAR-β, a receptor known to be autoregulated by RA. Although vitamin A did not have a significant effect on the mRNA levels of the receptors examined in this study, they are still likely to be involved in regulating apo A-I gene expression because in vitro studies have shown that both RAR-α and RXR-α bind to the regulatory region of the apo A-I gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-264
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume323
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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