Prosthetic vascular bypass grafting is associated with poor long-term patency rates. Herein, we report on the mid-term performance of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts modified with a citric acidbased biodegradable elastomer. Through a spin-shearing method, ePTFE grafts were modified by mechanically coating a layer of poly(1,8 octanediol citrate) (POC) onto the luminal nodes and fibrils of the ePTFE. Control and POC-ePTFE grafts were implanted into the porcine carotid artery circulation as end-to-side bypass grafts. Grafts were assessed by duplex ultrasonography, magnetic resonance angiography, and digital subtraction contrast angiography and were all found to be patent with no hemodynamically significant stenoses. At 4 weeks, POC-ePTFE grafts were found to be biocompatible and resulted in a similar extent of neointimal hyperplasia as well as leukocyte and monocyte/macrophage infiltration as control ePTFE grafts. Furthermore, POC supported endothelial cell growth. Lastly, scanning electron microscopy confirmed the presence of POC on the ePTFE grafts at 4 weeks. Thus, these data reveal that surface modification of blood-contacting surfaces with POC results in a biocompatible surface that does not induce any untoward effects or inflammation in the vasculature. These findings are important as they will serve as the foundation for the development of a drug-eluting vascular graft.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Biomedical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys