Classical and quantum responsivities of geometrically asymmetric metal-vacuum-metal junctions used for the rectification of infrared and optical radiations

A. Mayer, M. S. Chung, P. B. Lerner, B. L. Weiss, N. M. Miskovsky, P. H. Cutler

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Abstract

The authors study the rectification properties of geometrically asymmetric metal-vacuum-metal junctions in which a combination of static and oscillating biases is established between a cathode that is extended by a hemispherical protrusion and a flat anode. The static current-voltage characteristics of this device are established using a transfer-matrix methodology. The rectification properties of the device are, however, analyzed in the framework of a classical model that is based on the Taylor-expansion of static current-voltage data. This enables the impedance and the classical responsivity of the device to be established. The authors then investigate how the impedance and the classical responsivity of this junction are affected by the work function of the materials, the gap spacing between the cathode and the anode, and the aspect ratio of the protrusion. They also consider the efficiency with which the energy of incident radiations can be converted using this device. The authors finally compare the responsivity obtained using this classical approach with the quantum responsivity one can define from the currents actually achieved in an oscillating barrier. This work provides additional insight for the development of a device that could be used for the energy conversion of infrared and optical radiations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number041802
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B:Nanotechnology and Microelectronics
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

infrared radiation
rectification
Anodes
Cathodes
Metals
Vacuum
Infrared radiation
Radiation
vacuum
radiation
Current voltage characteristics
Energy conversion
metals
Aspect ratio
anodes
cathodes
impedance
Electric potential
incident radiation
energy conversion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The authors study the rectification properties of geometrically asymmetric metal-vacuum-metal junctions in which a combination of static and oscillating biases is established between a cathode that is extended by a hemispherical protrusion and a flat anode. The static current-voltage characteristics of this device are established using a transfer-matrix methodology. The rectification properties of the device are, however, analyzed in the framework of a classical model that is based on the Taylor-expansion of static current-voltage data. This enables the impedance and the classical responsivity of the device to be established. The authors then investigate how the impedance and the classical responsivity of this junction are affected by the work function of the materials, the gap spacing between the cathode and the anode, and the aspect ratio of the protrusion. They also consider the efficiency with which the energy of incident radiations can be converted using this device. The authors finally compare the responsivity obtained using this classical approach with the quantum responsivity one can define from the currents actually achieved in an oscillating barrier. This work provides additional insight for the development of a device that could be used for the energy conversion of infrared and optical radiations.",
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AU - Mayer, A.

AU - Chung, M. S.

AU - Lerner, P. B.

AU - Weiss, B. L.

AU - Miskovsky, N. M.

AU - Cutler, P. H.

PY - 2011/7

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N2 - The authors study the rectification properties of geometrically asymmetric metal-vacuum-metal junctions in which a combination of static and oscillating biases is established between a cathode that is extended by a hemispherical protrusion and a flat anode. The static current-voltage characteristics of this device are established using a transfer-matrix methodology. The rectification properties of the device are, however, analyzed in the framework of a classical model that is based on the Taylor-expansion of static current-voltage data. This enables the impedance and the classical responsivity of the device to be established. The authors then investigate how the impedance and the classical responsivity of this junction are affected by the work function of the materials, the gap spacing between the cathode and the anode, and the aspect ratio of the protrusion. They also consider the efficiency with which the energy of incident radiations can be converted using this device. The authors finally compare the responsivity obtained using this classical approach with the quantum responsivity one can define from the currents actually achieved in an oscillating barrier. This work provides additional insight for the development of a device that could be used for the energy conversion of infrared and optical radiations.

AB - The authors study the rectification properties of geometrically asymmetric metal-vacuum-metal junctions in which a combination of static and oscillating biases is established between a cathode that is extended by a hemispherical protrusion and a flat anode. The static current-voltage characteristics of this device are established using a transfer-matrix methodology. The rectification properties of the device are, however, analyzed in the framework of a classical model that is based on the Taylor-expansion of static current-voltage data. This enables the impedance and the classical responsivity of the device to be established. The authors then investigate how the impedance and the classical responsivity of this junction are affected by the work function of the materials, the gap spacing between the cathode and the anode, and the aspect ratio of the protrusion. They also consider the efficiency with which the energy of incident radiations can be converted using this device. The authors finally compare the responsivity obtained using this classical approach with the quantum responsivity one can define from the currents actually achieved in an oscillating barrier. This work provides additional insight for the development of a device that could be used for the energy conversion of infrared and optical radiations.

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