Classifying Multichannel UWB SAR Imagery via Tensor Sparsity Learning Techniques

Tiep Huu Vu, Lam H. Nguyen, Vishal Monga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using low-frequency (UHF to L-band) ultrawideband synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technology for detecting buried and obscured targets, e.g., bomb or mine, has been successfully demonstrated recently. Despite promising recent progress, a significant open challenge is to distinguish obscured targets from other (natural and manmade) clutter sources in the scene. The problem becomes exacerbated in the presence of noisy responses from rough ground surfaces. In this paper, we present three novel sparsity-driven techniques, which not only exploit the subtle features of raw captured data, but also take advantage of the polarization diversity and the aspect angle dependence information from multichannel SAR data. First, the traditional sparse representation-based classification is generalized to exploit shared information of classes and various sparsity structures of tensor coefficients for multichannel data. Corresponding tensor dictionary learning models are consequently proposed to enhance classification accuracy. Finally, a new tensor sparsity model is proposed to model responses from multiple consecutive looks of objects, which is a unique characteristic of the data set we consider. Extensive experimental results on a high-fidelity electromagnetic simulated data set and radar data collected from the U.S. Army Research Laboratory side-looking SAR demonstrate the advantages of proposed tensor sparsity models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1712-1724
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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