Climate changes over the past millennium: Relationships with Mediterranean climates

M. E. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Evidence is reviewed for climate change and its causes over the interval spanning roughly the past millennium. Particular emphasis is placed on patterns of climate change influencing Mediterranean climates of the Northern Hemisphere. The evidence is taken from studies using high-resolution climate "proxy" data sources, and climate modeling simulations. The available evidence suggests that forced changes in dynamical modes of variability including the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) have played a key role in the patterns of climate variability in Mediterranean regions over the past millennium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-80
Number of pages8
JournalNuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica C
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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