Climatic consequences of very high carbon dioxide levels in the earth's early atmosphere

James F. Kasting, Thomas P. Ackerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

256 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The possible consequences of very high carbon dioxide concentrations in the earth's early atmosphere have been investigated with a radiative-convective climate model. The early atmosphere would apparently have been stable against the onset of a runaway greenhouse (that is, the complete evaporation of the oceans) for carbon dioxide pressures up to at least 100 bars. A 10- to 20-bar carbon dioxide atmosphere, such as may have existed during the first several hundred million years of the earth's history, would have had a surface temperature of approximately 85° to 110°C. The early stratosphere should have been dry, thereby precluding the possibility of an oxygenic prebiotic atmosphere caused by photodissociation of water vapor followed by escape of hydrogen to space. Earth's present atmosphere also appears to be stable against a carbon dioxide-induced runaway greenhouse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1383-1385
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume234
Issue number4782
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

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Atmosphere
Carbon Dioxide
Homeless Youth
Prebiotics
Steam
Climate
Oceans and Seas
Hydrogen
History
Pressure
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

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Climatic consequences of very high carbon dioxide levels in the earth's early atmosphere. / Kasting, James F.; Ackerman, Thomas P.

In: Science, Vol. 234, No. 4782, 01.01.1986, p. 1383-1385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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