Clinical conditions associated with environmental exposures: An epidemiologic study in two communities in Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico

William A. Calo, Rafael Quintana, Ivan Catoni, Yarí Valle, Julio J. Álvarez, Wanda M. ColÓn, Marla S. Delgado, Mayra Estrella, Aida L. GonzÁlez, María Kallis, Viviene M. Marero, Lehida Meléndez, Aisha I. Miranda, Karen Nieves, Lydiette Osorio, José M. Rodríguez, Azalia Torres, Erick Suárez, Ana P. Ortiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A population-based cross-sectional design was used to compare the prevalence of respiratory and general symptoms and of respiratory and heart diseases in two communities of Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico: Guayabal, exposed to particulate matter from quarries and diesel exhaust; and Río Cañas Abajo, which has no such exposure. Methods: A probabilistic sampling design was used to obtain a representative sample of households and 288 residents of the selected households were interviewed. Adjusted PORs were estimated to assess the relationship between diseases/symptoms and place of residence using logistic regression models. To estimate the parameters of this model, a multilevel approach was used in order to control for potential correlation among residents of the same block. Results: A higher prevalence of general and respiratory symptoms and of respiratory diseases was observed for residents of Guayabal when compared to Río Cañas Abajo (p<0.05). Residents of Guayabal were more likely to have bronchitis (adjusted POR=5.5; p-value<0.05), nasal allergies (adjusted POR=4.2; p-value=0.01), nasal congestion (adjusted POR=2.9; p-value=0.02), and nausea and vomiting (adjusted POR=8.7; p-value<0.01). Conclusions: The perception of the community of Guayabal of a higher prevalence of symptoms and health conditions was supported by the present findings. This study provides statistical evidence for the design of an analytical epidemiologic study aimed at evaluating the potential effect of quarrying on adverse health outcomes in the community of Guayabal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalPuerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Volume28
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

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Puerto Rico
Environmental Exposure
Epidemiologic Studies
Nose
Logistic Models
Vehicle Emissions
Particulate Matter
Bronchitis
Health
Nausea
Vomiting
Heart Diseases
Hypersensitivity
Population
Congenital Aural Atresia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Calo, William A. ; Quintana, Rafael ; Catoni, Ivan ; Valle, Yarí ; Álvarez, Julio J. ; ColÓn, Wanda M. ; Delgado, Marla S. ; Estrella, Mayra ; GonzÁlez, Aida L. ; Kallis, María ; Marero, Viviene M. ; Meléndez, Lehida ; Miranda, Aisha I. ; Nieves, Karen ; Osorio, Lydiette ; Rodríguez, José M. ; Torres, Azalia ; Suárez, Erick ; Ortiz, Ana P. / Clinical conditions associated with environmental exposures : An epidemiologic study in two communities in Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico. In: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 28, No. 2. pp. 126-134.
@article{d9bed08ca6e749b79b6ef6d0a0728301,
title = "Clinical conditions associated with environmental exposures: An epidemiologic study in two communities in Juana D{\'i}az, Puerto Rico",
abstract = "Background: A population-based cross-sectional design was used to compare the prevalence of respiratory and general symptoms and of respiratory and heart diseases in two communities of Juana D{\'i}az, Puerto Rico: Guayabal, exposed to particulate matter from quarries and diesel exhaust; and R{\'i}o Ca{\~n}as Abajo, which has no such exposure. Methods: A probabilistic sampling design was used to obtain a representative sample of households and 288 residents of the selected households were interviewed. Adjusted PORs were estimated to assess the relationship between diseases/symptoms and place of residence using logistic regression models. To estimate the parameters of this model, a multilevel approach was used in order to control for potential correlation among residents of the same block. Results: A higher prevalence of general and respiratory symptoms and of respiratory diseases was observed for residents of Guayabal when compared to R{\'i}o Ca{\~n}as Abajo (p<0.05). Residents of Guayabal were more likely to have bronchitis (adjusted POR=5.5; p-value<0.05), nasal allergies (adjusted POR=4.2; p-value=0.01), nasal congestion (adjusted POR=2.9; p-value=0.02), and nausea and vomiting (adjusted POR=8.7; p-value<0.01). Conclusions: The perception of the community of Guayabal of a higher prevalence of symptoms and health conditions was supported by the present findings. This study provides statistical evidence for the design of an analytical epidemiologic study aimed at evaluating the potential effect of quarrying on adverse health outcomes in the community of Guayabal.",
author = "Calo, {William A.} and Rafael Quintana and Ivan Catoni and Yar{\'i} Valle and {\'A}lvarez, {Julio J.} and Col{\'O}n, {Wanda M.} and Delgado, {Marla S.} and Mayra Estrella and Gonz{\'A}lez, {Aida L.} and Mar{\'i}a Kallis and Marero, {Viviene M.} and Lehida Mel{\'e}ndez and Miranda, {Aisha I.} and Karen Nieves and Lydiette Osorio and Rodr{\'i}guez, {Jos{\'e} M.} and Azalia Torres and Erick Su{\'a}rez and Ortiz, {Ana P.}",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
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Calo, WA, Quintana, R, Catoni, I, Valle, Y, Álvarez, JJ, ColÓn, WM, Delgado, MS, Estrella, M, GonzÁlez, AL, Kallis, M, Marero, VM, Meléndez, L, Miranda, AI, Nieves, K, Osorio, L, Rodríguez, JM, Torres, A, Suárez, E & Ortiz, AP 2009, 'Clinical conditions associated with environmental exposures: An epidemiologic study in two communities in Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico', Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 126-134.

Clinical conditions associated with environmental exposures : An epidemiologic study in two communities in Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico. / Calo, William A.; Quintana, Rafael; Catoni, Ivan; Valle, Yarí; Álvarez, Julio J.; ColÓn, Wanda M.; Delgado, Marla S.; Estrella, Mayra; GonzÁlez, Aida L.; Kallis, María; Marero, Viviene M.; Meléndez, Lehida; Miranda, Aisha I.; Nieves, Karen; Osorio, Lydiette; Rodríguez, José M.; Torres, Azalia; Suárez, Erick; Ortiz, Ana P.

In: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, Vol. 28, No. 2, 01.06.2009, p. 126-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical conditions associated with environmental exposures

T2 - An epidemiologic study in two communities in Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico

AU - Calo, William A.

AU - Quintana, Rafael

AU - Catoni, Ivan

AU - Valle, Yarí

AU - Álvarez, Julio J.

AU - ColÓn, Wanda M.

AU - Delgado, Marla S.

AU - Estrella, Mayra

AU - GonzÁlez, Aida L.

AU - Kallis, María

AU - Marero, Viviene M.

AU - Meléndez, Lehida

AU - Miranda, Aisha I.

AU - Nieves, Karen

AU - Osorio, Lydiette

AU - Rodríguez, José M.

AU - Torres, Azalia

AU - Suárez, Erick

AU - Ortiz, Ana P.

PY - 2009/6/1

Y1 - 2009/6/1

N2 - Background: A population-based cross-sectional design was used to compare the prevalence of respiratory and general symptoms and of respiratory and heart diseases in two communities of Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico: Guayabal, exposed to particulate matter from quarries and diesel exhaust; and Río Cañas Abajo, which has no such exposure. Methods: A probabilistic sampling design was used to obtain a representative sample of households and 288 residents of the selected households were interviewed. Adjusted PORs were estimated to assess the relationship between diseases/symptoms and place of residence using logistic regression models. To estimate the parameters of this model, a multilevel approach was used in order to control for potential correlation among residents of the same block. Results: A higher prevalence of general and respiratory symptoms and of respiratory diseases was observed for residents of Guayabal when compared to Río Cañas Abajo (p<0.05). Residents of Guayabal were more likely to have bronchitis (adjusted POR=5.5; p-value<0.05), nasal allergies (adjusted POR=4.2; p-value=0.01), nasal congestion (adjusted POR=2.9; p-value=0.02), and nausea and vomiting (adjusted POR=8.7; p-value<0.01). Conclusions: The perception of the community of Guayabal of a higher prevalence of symptoms and health conditions was supported by the present findings. This study provides statistical evidence for the design of an analytical epidemiologic study aimed at evaluating the potential effect of quarrying on adverse health outcomes in the community of Guayabal.

AB - Background: A population-based cross-sectional design was used to compare the prevalence of respiratory and general symptoms and of respiratory and heart diseases in two communities of Juana Díaz, Puerto Rico: Guayabal, exposed to particulate matter from quarries and diesel exhaust; and Río Cañas Abajo, which has no such exposure. Methods: A probabilistic sampling design was used to obtain a representative sample of households and 288 residents of the selected households were interviewed. Adjusted PORs were estimated to assess the relationship between diseases/symptoms and place of residence using logistic regression models. To estimate the parameters of this model, a multilevel approach was used in order to control for potential correlation among residents of the same block. Results: A higher prevalence of general and respiratory symptoms and of respiratory diseases was observed for residents of Guayabal when compared to Río Cañas Abajo (p<0.05). Residents of Guayabal were more likely to have bronchitis (adjusted POR=5.5; p-value<0.05), nasal allergies (adjusted POR=4.2; p-value=0.01), nasal congestion (adjusted POR=2.9; p-value=0.02), and nausea and vomiting (adjusted POR=8.7; p-value<0.01). Conclusions: The perception of the community of Guayabal of a higher prevalence of symptoms and health conditions was supported by the present findings. This study provides statistical evidence for the design of an analytical epidemiologic study aimed at evaluating the potential effect of quarrying on adverse health outcomes in the community of Guayabal.

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C2 - 19530554

AN - SCOPUS:67650394464

VL - 28

SP - 126

EP - 134

JO - Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal

JF - Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal

SN - 0738-0658

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