Clinical management of recurrent breast cancer: Development of multidrug resistance (MDR) and strategies to circumvent it

William N. Hait, Jin-Ming Yang

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is often associated with recurrent breast cancer. Many cytotoxic agents used to treat breast cancer, such as anthracyclines and taxanes, are susceptible to MDR-mediated loss of sensitivity to these agents. Overexpression of mdr-1/P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the main mechanisms underlying the development of the MDR phenotype. Also involved in the development of the MDR phenotype are other proteins from the ATP-binding cassette family of transporters (eg, MRP, BCRP), as well as alterations of tumor targets and their downstream effector molecules. Additionally, P-gp expression in other anatomic locations (such as the brush border of the gastrointestinal epithelium and blood-brain barrier) may further compromise the success of treatment for patients with breast cancer. Several strategies have been developed to overcome or circumvent MDR, mostly through inhibition or modulation of P-gp. Despite successful proof of concept in the laboratory, to date none of these agents has had a major impact in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in oncology
Volume32
Issue numberSUPPL. 7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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