Clinical outcomes of a novel combination of lenalidomide and rituximab followed by stem cell transplantation for relapsed/refractory aggressive B-cell non-hodgkin lymphoma

Qingqing Cai, Yiming Chen, Dehui Zou, Liang Zhang, Maria Badillo, Shouhao Zhou, Elyse Lopez, Wenqi Jiang, Huiqiang Huang, Tongyu Lin, Jorge Romaguera, Michael Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We retrospectively compared outcomes of patients with relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who underwent stem cell transplantation (SCT) with stable disease or better following a novel combination of lenalidomide and rituximab (LR) treatment and did not undergo SCT in a phase I/II clinical trial. We retrospectively compared outcomes of patients who underwent SCT with that of patients who had stable disease or better following LR treatment and did not undergo SCT. Twenty-two patients enrolled in LR clinical trial and undergone SCT were identified, 13 with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and nine with large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). All patients who underwent SCT achieved complete response. In the MCL subset, there were no significant differences between SCT and non-SCT groups except that non-SCT patients were older and had a higher mantle-cell international prognostic index score. There was no difference between SCT-group and non-SCT-group in response duration (P=0.3), progression-free survival (PFS) (P=0.304) and overall survival (OS) (P=0.87). In LBCL subgroup, there were no significant differences between two groups except that non-SCT group had a higher international prognostic index score. Patients with LBCL who underwent SCT had significantly longer response duration (P=0.001), PFS (P=0.000), and OS (P=0.003) than the non-SCT group. The novel therapeutic combination offers a bridge to SCT in patients with relapsed/refractory aggressive B-cell NHL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7368-7380
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume5
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

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