It is now clear that there is a substantial population of primordial binaries in Galactic globular clusters and that binary interactions are a major influence on globular cluster evolution. Collisional interactions involving stars in binaries may provide a significant channel for the formation of various stellar exotica, such as blue stragglers, X-ray binaries and millisecond pulsars. We report on an extensive series of numerical experiments of binary-binary scattering, analysing the cross-section for close approach during interactions for a range of hard binary parameters of interest in globular cluster cores. We consider the implied rate for tidal interactions for different globular clusters and compare our results with previous, complementary estimates of stellar collision rates in globular clusters. We find that the collision rate for binary-binary encounters dominates in low-density clusters if the binary fraction in the cluster is larger than 0.2 for wide main-sequence binaries. In dense clusters, binary-single interactions dominate the collision rate and the core binary fraction must be ≲0.1 per decade in semimajor axis, or too many collisions take place compared with observations. The rates are consistent if binaries with semimajor axes ∼100 au are overabundant in low-density clusters, or if breakup and ejection substantially lower the binary fraction in denser clusters. Given reasonable assumptions about fractions of binaries in the cores of low-density clusters such as NGC 5053, we cannot account for all the observed blue stragglers by stellar collisions during binary encounters, suggesting that a substantial fraction may be due to coalescence of tight primordial binaries.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science