Closing the digital divide: Understanding racial, ethnic, social class, gender and geographic disparities in Internet use among school age children in the United States

Paul F. Cleary, Glenn Pierce, Eileen M. Trauth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study is to explore the dynamics underlying disparities in Internet use among school age children in the US. The analysis found that a broad range of demographic, geographic and economic factors significantly influence Internet use among children. Significantly, the availability of household computing resources and adult Internet users in the household were most important in explaining disparities in use among children. To expand universal Internet access, future public policy should focus on providing support for in-home access; continued support for public access at out-of-home locations such as schools, and providing technical support, training and expertise to school age children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-373
Number of pages20
JournalUniversal Access in the Information Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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