CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database

Sebastiaan Luyssaert, I. Inglima, M. Jung, A. D. Richardson, M. Reichstein, D. Papale, S. L. Piao, E. D. Schulze, L. Wingate, G. Matteucci, L. Aragao, M. Aubinet, C. Beer, C. Bernhofer, K. G. Black, D. Bonal, J. M. Bonnefond, J. Chambers, P. Ciais, B. Cook & 45 others Kenneth James Davis, A. J. Dolman, B. Gielen, M. Goulden, J. Grace, A. Granier, A. Grelle, T. Griffis, T. Grünwald, G. Guidolotti, P. J. Hanson, R. Harding, D. Y. Hollinger, L. R. Hutyra, P. Kolari, B. Kruijt, W. Kutsch, F. Lagergren, T. Laurila, B. E. Law, G. Le Maire, A. Lindroth, D. Loustau, Y. Malhi, J. Mateus, M. Migliavacca, L. Misson, L. Montagnani, J. Moncrieff, E. Moors, J. W. Munger, E. Nikinmaa, S. V. Ollinger, G. Pita, C. Rebmann, O. Roupsard, N. Saigusa, M. J. Sanz, G. Seufert, C. Sierra, M. L. Smith, J. Tang, R. Valentini, T. Vesala, I. A. Janssens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

562 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Terrestrial ecosystems sequester 2.1 Pg of atmospheric carbon annually. A large amount of the terrestrial sink is realized by forests. However, considerable uncertainties remain regarding the fate of this carbon over both short and long timescales. Relevant data to address these uncertainties are being collected at many sites around the world, but syntheses of these data are still sparse. To facilitate future synthesis activities, we have assembled a comprehensive global database for forest ecosystems, which includes carbon budget variables (fluxes and stocks), ecosystem traits (e.g. leaf area index, age), as well as ancillary site information such as management regime, climate, and soil characteristics. This publicly available database can be used to quantify global, regional or biome-specific carbon budgets; to re-examine established relationships; to test emerging hypotheses about ecosystem functioning [e.g. a constant net ecosystem production (NEP) to gross primary production (GPP) ratio]; and as benchmarks for model evaluations. In this paper, we present the first analysis of this database. We discuss the climatic influences on GPP, net primary production (NPP) and NEP and present the CO2 balances for boreal, temperate, and tropical forest biomes based on micrometeorological, ecophysiological, and biometric flux and inventory estimates. Globally, GPP of forests benefited from higher temperatures and precipitation whereas NPP saturated above either a threshold of 1500 mm precipitation or a mean annual temperature of 10 °C. The global pattern in NEP was insensitive to climate and is hypothesized to be mainly determined by nonclimatic conditions such as successional stage, management, site history, and site disturbance. In all biomes, closing the CO2 balance required the introduction of substantial biome-specific closure terms. Nonclosure was taken as an indication that respiratory processes, advection, and non-CO2 carbon fluxes are not presently being adequately accounted for.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2509-2537
Number of pages29
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Fingerprint

biome
temperate forest
net ecosystem production
boreal forest
tropical forest
Ecosystems
primary production
carbon budget
net primary production
Carbon
ecosystem
biometry
carbon
climate
carbon flux
Fluxes
terrestrial ecosystem
leaf area index
forest ecosystem
advection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Luyssaert, S., Inglima, I., Jung, M., Richardson, A. D., Reichstein, M., Papale, D., ... Janssens, I. A. (2007). CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database. Global Change Biology, 13(12), 2509-2537. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01439.x
Luyssaert, Sebastiaan ; Inglima, I. ; Jung, M. ; Richardson, A. D. ; Reichstein, M. ; Papale, D. ; Piao, S. L. ; Schulze, E. D. ; Wingate, L. ; Matteucci, G. ; Aragao, L. ; Aubinet, M. ; Beer, C. ; Bernhofer, C. ; Black, K. G. ; Bonal, D. ; Bonnefond, J. M. ; Chambers, J. ; Ciais, P. ; Cook, B. ; Davis, Kenneth James ; Dolman, A. J. ; Gielen, B. ; Goulden, M. ; Grace, J. ; Granier, A. ; Grelle, A. ; Griffis, T. ; Grünwald, T. ; Guidolotti, G. ; Hanson, P. J. ; Harding, R. ; Hollinger, D. Y. ; Hutyra, L. R. ; Kolari, P. ; Kruijt, B. ; Kutsch, W. ; Lagergren, F. ; Laurila, T. ; Law, B. E. ; Le Maire, G. ; Lindroth, A. ; Loustau, D. ; Malhi, Y. ; Mateus, J. ; Migliavacca, M. ; Misson, L. ; Montagnani, L. ; Moncrieff, J. ; Moors, E. ; Munger, J. W. ; Nikinmaa, E. ; Ollinger, S. V. ; Pita, G. ; Rebmann, C. ; Roupsard, O. ; Saigusa, N. ; Sanz, M. J. ; Seufert, G. ; Sierra, C. ; Smith, M. L. ; Tang, J. ; Valentini, R. ; Vesala, T. ; Janssens, I. A. / CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database. In: Global Change Biology. 2007 ; Vol. 13, No. 12. pp. 2509-2537.
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abstract = "Terrestrial ecosystems sequester 2.1 Pg of atmospheric carbon annually. A large amount of the terrestrial sink is realized by forests. However, considerable uncertainties remain regarding the fate of this carbon over both short and long timescales. Relevant data to address these uncertainties are being collected at many sites around the world, but syntheses of these data are still sparse. To facilitate future synthesis activities, we have assembled a comprehensive global database for forest ecosystems, which includes carbon budget variables (fluxes and stocks), ecosystem traits (e.g. leaf area index, age), as well as ancillary site information such as management regime, climate, and soil characteristics. This publicly available database can be used to quantify global, regional or biome-specific carbon budgets; to re-examine established relationships; to test emerging hypotheses about ecosystem functioning [e.g. a constant net ecosystem production (NEP) to gross primary production (GPP) ratio]; and as benchmarks for model evaluations. In this paper, we present the first analysis of this database. We discuss the climatic influences on GPP, net primary production (NPP) and NEP and present the CO2 balances for boreal, temperate, and tropical forest biomes based on micrometeorological, ecophysiological, and biometric flux and inventory estimates. Globally, GPP of forests benefited from higher temperatures and precipitation whereas NPP saturated above either a threshold of 1500 mm precipitation or a mean annual temperature of 10 °C. The global pattern in NEP was insensitive to climate and is hypothesized to be mainly determined by nonclimatic conditions such as successional stage, management, site history, and site disturbance. In all biomes, closing the CO2 balance required the introduction of substantial biome-specific closure terms. Nonclosure was taken as an indication that respiratory processes, advection, and non-CO2 carbon fluxes are not presently being adequately accounted for.",
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Luyssaert, S, Inglima, I, Jung, M, Richardson, AD, Reichstein, M, Papale, D, Piao, SL, Schulze, ED, Wingate, L, Matteucci, G, Aragao, L, Aubinet, M, Beer, C, Bernhofer, C, Black, KG, Bonal, D, Bonnefond, JM, Chambers, J, Ciais, P, Cook, B, Davis, KJ, Dolman, AJ, Gielen, B, Goulden, M, Grace, J, Granier, A, Grelle, A, Griffis, T, Grünwald, T, Guidolotti, G, Hanson, PJ, Harding, R, Hollinger, DY, Hutyra, LR, Kolari, P, Kruijt, B, Kutsch, W, Lagergren, F, Laurila, T, Law, BE, Le Maire, G, Lindroth, A, Loustau, D, Malhi, Y, Mateus, J, Migliavacca, M, Misson, L, Montagnani, L, Moncrieff, J, Moors, E, Munger, JW, Nikinmaa, E, Ollinger, SV, Pita, G, Rebmann, C, Roupsard, O, Saigusa, N, Sanz, MJ, Seufert, G, Sierra, C, Smith, ML, Tang, J, Valentini, R, Vesala, T & Janssens, IA 2007, 'CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database', Global Change Biology, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 2509-2537. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01439.x

CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database. / Luyssaert, Sebastiaan; Inglima, I.; Jung, M.; Richardson, A. D.; Reichstein, M.; Papale, D.; Piao, S. L.; Schulze, E. D.; Wingate, L.; Matteucci, G.; Aragao, L.; Aubinet, M.; Beer, C.; Bernhofer, C.; Black, K. G.; Bonal, D.; Bonnefond, J. M.; Chambers, J.; Ciais, P.; Cook, B.; Davis, Kenneth James; Dolman, A. J.; Gielen, B.; Goulden, M.; Grace, J.; Granier, A.; Grelle, A.; Griffis, T.; Grünwald, T.; Guidolotti, G.; Hanson, P. J.; Harding, R.; Hollinger, D. Y.; Hutyra, L. R.; Kolari, P.; Kruijt, B.; Kutsch, W.; Lagergren, F.; Laurila, T.; Law, B. E.; Le Maire, G.; Lindroth, A.; Loustau, D.; Malhi, Y.; Mateus, J.; Migliavacca, M.; Misson, L.; Montagnani, L.; Moncrieff, J.; Moors, E.; Munger, J. W.; Nikinmaa, E.; Ollinger, S. V.; Pita, G.; Rebmann, C.; Roupsard, O.; Saigusa, N.; Sanz, M. J.; Seufert, G.; Sierra, C.; Smith, M. L.; Tang, J.; Valentini, R.; Vesala, T.; Janssens, I. A.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 13, No. 12, 01.12.2007, p. 2509-2537.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database

AU - Luyssaert, Sebastiaan

AU - Inglima, I.

AU - Jung, M.

AU - Richardson, A. D.

AU - Reichstein, M.

AU - Papale, D.

AU - Piao, S. L.

AU - Schulze, E. D.

AU - Wingate, L.

AU - Matteucci, G.

AU - Aragao, L.

AU - Aubinet, M.

AU - Beer, C.

AU - Bernhofer, C.

AU - Black, K. G.

AU - Bonal, D.

AU - Bonnefond, J. M.

AU - Chambers, J.

AU - Ciais, P.

AU - Cook, B.

AU - Davis, Kenneth James

AU - Dolman, A. J.

AU - Gielen, B.

AU - Goulden, M.

AU - Grace, J.

AU - Granier, A.

AU - Grelle, A.

AU - Griffis, T.

AU - Grünwald, T.

AU - Guidolotti, G.

AU - Hanson, P. J.

AU - Harding, R.

AU - Hollinger, D. Y.

AU - Hutyra, L. R.

AU - Kolari, P.

AU - Kruijt, B.

AU - Kutsch, W.

AU - Lagergren, F.

AU - Laurila, T.

AU - Law, B. E.

AU - Le Maire, G.

AU - Lindroth, A.

AU - Loustau, D.

AU - Malhi, Y.

AU - Mateus, J.

AU - Migliavacca, M.

AU - Misson, L.

AU - Montagnani, L.

AU - Moncrieff, J.

AU - Moors, E.

AU - Munger, J. W.

AU - Nikinmaa, E.

AU - Ollinger, S. V.

AU - Pita, G.

AU - Rebmann, C.

AU - Roupsard, O.

AU - Saigusa, N.

AU - Sanz, M. J.

AU - Seufert, G.

AU - Sierra, C.

AU - Smith, M. L.

AU - Tang, J.

AU - Valentini, R.

AU - Vesala, T.

AU - Janssens, I. A.

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - Terrestrial ecosystems sequester 2.1 Pg of atmospheric carbon annually. A large amount of the terrestrial sink is realized by forests. However, considerable uncertainties remain regarding the fate of this carbon over both short and long timescales. Relevant data to address these uncertainties are being collected at many sites around the world, but syntheses of these data are still sparse. To facilitate future synthesis activities, we have assembled a comprehensive global database for forest ecosystems, which includes carbon budget variables (fluxes and stocks), ecosystem traits (e.g. leaf area index, age), as well as ancillary site information such as management regime, climate, and soil characteristics. This publicly available database can be used to quantify global, regional or biome-specific carbon budgets; to re-examine established relationships; to test emerging hypotheses about ecosystem functioning [e.g. a constant net ecosystem production (NEP) to gross primary production (GPP) ratio]; and as benchmarks for model evaluations. In this paper, we present the first analysis of this database. We discuss the climatic influences on GPP, net primary production (NPP) and NEP and present the CO2 balances for boreal, temperate, and tropical forest biomes based on micrometeorological, ecophysiological, and biometric flux and inventory estimates. Globally, GPP of forests benefited from higher temperatures and precipitation whereas NPP saturated above either a threshold of 1500 mm precipitation or a mean annual temperature of 10 °C. The global pattern in NEP was insensitive to climate and is hypothesized to be mainly determined by nonclimatic conditions such as successional stage, management, site history, and site disturbance. In all biomes, closing the CO2 balance required the introduction of substantial biome-specific closure terms. Nonclosure was taken as an indication that respiratory processes, advection, and non-CO2 carbon fluxes are not presently being adequately accounted for.

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Luyssaert S, Inglima I, Jung M, Richardson AD, Reichstein M, Papale D et al. CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database. Global Change Biology. 2007 Dec 1;13(12):2509-2537. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01439.x