Cognitive and adaptive behavior profiles in Smith-Magenis syndrome

Niru Madduri, Sarika U. Peters, Robert G. Voigt, Antolin M. Llorente, James R. Lupski, Lorraine Potocki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation syndrome associated with an interstitial deletion of chromosome 17 band p11.2. The incidence of this microdeletion syndrome is estimated to be 1 in 25,000 individuals. Persons with SMS have a distinctive neurobehavioral phenotype that is characterized by aggressive and self-injurious behaviors and significant sleep disturbances. From December 1990 through September 1999, 58 persons with SMS were enrolled in a 5-day multidisciplinary clinical protocol. Developmental assessments consisting of cognitive level and adaptive behavior were completed in 57 persons. Most patients functioned in the mild-to-moderate range of mental retardation. In addition, we report that patients with SMS have low adaptive functioning with relative strengths in socialization and relative weakness in daily living skills. These data were analyzed in light of the molecular extent of the microdeletion within 17p11.2. We found that the level of cognitive and adaptive functioning does depend on deletion size, and that a small percentage of SMS patients have cognitive function in the borderline range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-192
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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