Cognitive invariants of geographic event conceptualization: What matters and what refines?

Alexander Klippel, Rui Li, Frank Hardisty, Chris Weaver

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Behavioral experiments addressing the conceptualization of geographic events are few and far between. Our research seeks to address this deficiency by developing an experimental framework on the conceptualization of movement patterns. In this paper, we report on a critical experiment that is designed to shed light on the question of cognitively salient invariants in such conceptualization. Invariants have been identified as being critical to human information processing, particularly for the processing of dynamic information. In our experiment, we systematically address cognitive invariants of one class of geographic events: single entity movement patterns. To this end, we designed 72 animated icons that depict the movement patterns of hurricanes around two invariants: size difference and topological equivalence class movement patterns endpoints. While the endpoint hypothesis, put forth by Regier (2007), claims a particular focus of human cognition to ending relations of events, other research suggests that simplicity principles guide categorization and, additionally, that static information is easier to process than dynamic information. Our experiments show a clear picture: Size matters. Nonetheless, we also find categorization behaviors consistent with experiments in both the spatial and temporal domain, namely that topology refines these behaviors and that topological equivalence classes are categorized consistently. These results are critical steppingstones in validating spatial formalism from a cognitive perspective and cognitively grounding work on ontologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeographic Information Science - 6th International Conference, GIScience 2010, Proceedings
Pages130-144
Number of pages15
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2010
Event6th International Conference on Geographic Information Science, GIScience 2010 - Zurich, Switzerland
Duration: Sep 14 2010Sep 17 2010

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume6292 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other6th International Conference on Geographic Information Science, GIScience 2010
CountrySwitzerland
CityZurich
Period9/14/109/17/10

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Klippel, A., Li, R., Hardisty, F., & Weaver, C. (2010). Cognitive invariants of geographic event conceptualization: What matters and what refines? In Geographic Information Science - 6th International Conference, GIScience 2010, Proceedings (pp. 130-144). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 6292 LNCS). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15300-6_10