The dissociation dynamics of the 6s and 4d Rydberg states of carbon disulfide (C S2*) are studied by time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. The C S2 is excited by two photons of 267 nm (pump) to the 6s and 4d Rydberg states and probed by ionization with either 800 or 400 nm. The experiments can distinguish and successfully track the time dynamics of both spin  (upper) and  (lower) cores of the excited Rydberg states, which are split by 60 meV, by measuring the outgoing electron kinetic energies. Multiple mode vibrational wave packets are created within the Rydberg states and observed through recurrence interferences in the final ion state. Fourier transformation of the temporal response directly reveals the coherent population of several electronic states and vibrational modes. The composition of the wave packet is varied experimentally by tuning the excitation frequency to particular resonances between 264 and 270 nm. The work presented here shows that the decay time of the spin components exhibits sensitivity to the electronic and vibrational states accessed in the pump step. Population of the bending mode results in an excited state lifetime of as little as 530 fs, as compared to a several picosecond lifetime observed for the electronic origin bands. Experiments that probe the neutral state dynamics with 400 nm reveal a possible vibrationally mediated evolution of the wave packet to a different Franck-Condon window as a consequence of Renner-Teller splitting. Upon bending, symmetry lowering from D∞h to C2v enables ionization to the C S2+ (B Πu2) final state. The dissociation dynamics observed are highly mode specific, as revealed by the frequency and temporal domain analysis of the photoelectron spectra.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry