The doping dependence of nanoscale electronic structure in superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ is studied by scanning tunneling microscopy. At all dopings, the low energy density-of-states modulations are analyzed according to a simple model of quasiparticle interference and found to be consistent with Fermi-arc superconductivity. The superconducting coherence peaks, ubiquitous in near-optimal tunneling spectra, are destroyed with strong underdoping and a new spectral type appears. Exclusively in regions exhibiting this new spectrum, we find local "checkerboard" charge ordering of high energy states, with a wave vector of Q→=(±2π/4.5a0,0); (0,±2π/4.5a0) ±15%. Surprisingly, this spatial ordering of high energy states coexists harmoniously with the low energy Bogoliubov quasiparticle states.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)