Collagen-infilled 3D printed scaffolds loaded with miR-148b-transfected bone marrow stem cells improve calvarial bone regeneration in rats

Kazim K. Moncal, R. Seda Tigli Aydin, Mohammad Abu-Laban, Dong N. Heo, Elias Rizk, Scott M. Tucker, Gregory S. Lewis, Daniel Hayes, Ibrahim T. Ozbolat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differentiation of progenitors in a controlled environment improves the repair of critical-sized calvarial bone defects; however, integrating micro RNA (miRNA) therapy with 3D printed scaffolds still remains a challenge for craniofacial reconstruction. In this study, we aimed to engineer three-dimensional (3D) printed hybrid scaffolds as a new ex situ miR-148b expressing delivery system for osteogenic induction of rat bone marrow stem cells (rBMSCs) in vitro, and also in vivo in critical-sized rat calvarial defects. miR-148b-transfected rBMSCs underwent early differentiation in collagen-infilled 3D printed hybrid scaffolds, expressing significant levels of osteogenic markers compared to non-transfected rBMSCs, as confirmed by gene expression and immunohistochemical staining. Furthermore, after eight weeks of implantation, micro-computed tomography, histology and immunohistochemical staining results indicated that scaffolds loaded with miR-148b-transfected rBMSCs improved bone regeneration considerably compared to the scaffolds loaded with non-transfected rBMSCs and facilitated near-complete repair of critical-sized calvarial defects. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that collagen-infilled 3D printed scaffolds serve as an effective system for miRNA transfected progenitor cells, which has a promising potential for stimulating osteogenesis and calvarial bone repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110128
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume105
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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