Collegiate misuse of prescription stimulants: Examining differences in self-worth

Amanda L. Giordano, Elizabeth Prosek, Emily A. Reader, Cynthia M. Bevly, Kori D. Turner, Yvette N. Leblanc, Ryan A. Vera, Citlali E. Molina, Sage Ann Garber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Prescription stimulant medication is commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, stimulant medication misuse is a prevalent problem among the college population. There is limited research on psychological factors associated with collegiate nonmedical stimulant misuse. Objectives: To examine the association between college students' self-worth and stimulant medication misuse. Methods: A quantitative study implemented during the 2013-2014 academic year in which we utilized a convenience sample of undergraduate students at a public university. College students (N = 3,038) completed an electronic survey packet including a stimulant use index and the Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale. We conducted descriptive discriminant analysis (DDA) to measure the associations between four groups: Nonusers, Appropriate Users, Nonprescribed Misusuers, and Prescribed Users. Results: Significant differences in contingencies of self-worth existed between the four groups of students. Specifically, external contingencies of self-worth, such as appearance and approval, were associated with stimulant medication misuse, whereas, internal contingencies of self-worth, such as God's love and virtue, were associated with nonuse and appropriate prescribed use. Conclusions/Importance: The findings of the current study suggested contingencies of self-worth partially explain prescription stimulant misuse among the collegiate population. Addressing self-worth may be helpful in the treatment of stimulant misuse with college students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-365
Number of pages8
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 2015

Fingerprint

Prescriptions
medication
contingency
Students
student
Love
Discriminant Analysis
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
psychological factors
Population
ADHD
discriminant analysis
god
love
Psychology
Group
electronics
Research
university
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Giordano, A. L., Prosek, E., Reader, E. A., Bevly, C. M., Turner, K. D., Leblanc, Y. N., ... Garber, S. A. (2015). Collegiate misuse of prescription stimulants: Examining differences in self-worth. Substance Use and Misuse, 50(3), 358-365. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.980956
Giordano, Amanda L. ; Prosek, Elizabeth ; Reader, Emily A. ; Bevly, Cynthia M. ; Turner, Kori D. ; Leblanc, Yvette N. ; Vera, Ryan A. ; Molina, Citlali E. ; Garber, Sage Ann. / Collegiate misuse of prescription stimulants : Examining differences in self-worth. In: Substance Use and Misuse. 2015 ; Vol. 50, No. 3. pp. 358-365.
@article{004852ad6d6845c4ac0013c9b2cd6d4d,
title = "Collegiate misuse of prescription stimulants: Examining differences in self-worth",
abstract = "Background: Prescription stimulant medication is commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, stimulant medication misuse is a prevalent problem among the college population. There is limited research on psychological factors associated with collegiate nonmedical stimulant misuse. Objectives: To examine the association between college students' self-worth and stimulant medication misuse. Methods: A quantitative study implemented during the 2013-2014 academic year in which we utilized a convenience sample of undergraduate students at a public university. College students (N = 3,038) completed an electronic survey packet including a stimulant use index and the Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale. We conducted descriptive discriminant analysis (DDA) to measure the associations between four groups: Nonusers, Appropriate Users, Nonprescribed Misusuers, and Prescribed Users. Results: Significant differences in contingencies of self-worth existed between the four groups of students. Specifically, external contingencies of self-worth, such as appearance and approval, were associated with stimulant medication misuse, whereas, internal contingencies of self-worth, such as God's love and virtue, were associated with nonuse and appropriate prescribed use. Conclusions/Importance: The findings of the current study suggested contingencies of self-worth partially explain prescription stimulant misuse among the collegiate population. Addressing self-worth may be helpful in the treatment of stimulant misuse with college students.",
author = "Giordano, {Amanda L.} and Elizabeth Prosek and Reader, {Emily A.} and Bevly, {Cynthia M.} and Turner, {Kori D.} and Leblanc, {Yvette N.} and Vera, {Ryan A.} and Molina, {Citlali E.} and Garber, {Sage Ann}",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
day = "23",
doi = "10.3109/10826084.2014.980956",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "50",
pages = "358--365",
journal = "Substance Use and Misuse",
issn = "1082-6084",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "3",

}

Giordano, AL, Prosek, E, Reader, EA, Bevly, CM, Turner, KD, Leblanc, YN, Vera, RA, Molina, CE & Garber, SA 2015, 'Collegiate misuse of prescription stimulants: Examining differences in self-worth', Substance Use and Misuse, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 358-365. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.980956

Collegiate misuse of prescription stimulants : Examining differences in self-worth. / Giordano, Amanda L.; Prosek, Elizabeth; Reader, Emily A.; Bevly, Cynthia M.; Turner, Kori D.; Leblanc, Yvette N.; Vera, Ryan A.; Molina, Citlali E.; Garber, Sage Ann.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 50, No. 3, 23.02.2015, p. 358-365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Collegiate misuse of prescription stimulants

T2 - Examining differences in self-worth

AU - Giordano, Amanda L.

AU - Prosek, Elizabeth

AU - Reader, Emily A.

AU - Bevly, Cynthia M.

AU - Turner, Kori D.

AU - Leblanc, Yvette N.

AU - Vera, Ryan A.

AU - Molina, Citlali E.

AU - Garber, Sage Ann

PY - 2015/2/23

Y1 - 2015/2/23

N2 - Background: Prescription stimulant medication is commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, stimulant medication misuse is a prevalent problem among the college population. There is limited research on psychological factors associated with collegiate nonmedical stimulant misuse. Objectives: To examine the association between college students' self-worth and stimulant medication misuse. Methods: A quantitative study implemented during the 2013-2014 academic year in which we utilized a convenience sample of undergraduate students at a public university. College students (N = 3,038) completed an electronic survey packet including a stimulant use index and the Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale. We conducted descriptive discriminant analysis (DDA) to measure the associations between four groups: Nonusers, Appropriate Users, Nonprescribed Misusuers, and Prescribed Users. Results: Significant differences in contingencies of self-worth existed between the four groups of students. Specifically, external contingencies of self-worth, such as appearance and approval, were associated with stimulant medication misuse, whereas, internal contingencies of self-worth, such as God's love and virtue, were associated with nonuse and appropriate prescribed use. Conclusions/Importance: The findings of the current study suggested contingencies of self-worth partially explain prescription stimulant misuse among the collegiate population. Addressing self-worth may be helpful in the treatment of stimulant misuse with college students.

AB - Background: Prescription stimulant medication is commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, stimulant medication misuse is a prevalent problem among the college population. There is limited research on psychological factors associated with collegiate nonmedical stimulant misuse. Objectives: To examine the association between college students' self-worth and stimulant medication misuse. Methods: A quantitative study implemented during the 2013-2014 academic year in which we utilized a convenience sample of undergraduate students at a public university. College students (N = 3,038) completed an electronic survey packet including a stimulant use index and the Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale. We conducted descriptive discriminant analysis (DDA) to measure the associations between four groups: Nonusers, Appropriate Users, Nonprescribed Misusuers, and Prescribed Users. Results: Significant differences in contingencies of self-worth existed between the four groups of students. Specifically, external contingencies of self-worth, such as appearance and approval, were associated with stimulant medication misuse, whereas, internal contingencies of self-worth, such as God's love and virtue, were associated with nonuse and appropriate prescribed use. Conclusions/Importance: The findings of the current study suggested contingencies of self-worth partially explain prescription stimulant misuse among the collegiate population. Addressing self-worth may be helpful in the treatment of stimulant misuse with college students.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922375608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922375608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/10826084.2014.980956

DO - 10.3109/10826084.2014.980956

M3 - Article

C2 - 25474729

AN - SCOPUS:84922375608

VL - 50

SP - 358

EP - 365

JO - Substance Use and Misuse

JF - Substance Use and Misuse

SN - 1082-6084

IS - 3

ER -