Colliding cues in word segmentation: The role of cue strength and general cognitive processes

Daniel J. Weiss, Chip Gerfen, Aaron D. Mitchel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The process of word segmentation is flexible, with many strategies potentially available to learners. This experiment explores how segmentation cues interact, and whether successful resolution of cue competition is related to general executive functioning. Participants listened to artificial speech streams that contained both statistical and pause-defined cues to word boundaries. When these cues 'collide' (indicating different locations for word boundaries), cue strength appears to dictate the predominant parsing strategy. When cues are relatively equal in strength, the ability to successfully deploy a segmentation strategy significantly correlates with stronger performance on the Simon task, a non-linguistic cognitive task typically thought to involve executive processes such as inhibitory control and selective attention. These results suggest that general information processing strategies may play a role in solving one of the early challenges for language learners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-422
Number of pages21
JournalLanguage and Cognitive Processes
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

Fingerprint

Cues
information processing
Aptitude
Automatic Data Processing
segmentation
Cognitive Processes
Word Segmentation
experiment
ability
Language
language
performance
Segmentation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

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Colliding cues in word segmentation : The role of cue strength and general cognitive processes. / Weiss, Daniel J.; Gerfen, Chip; Mitchel, Aaron D.

In: Language and Cognitive Processes, Vol. 25, No. 3, 01.04.2010, p. 402-422.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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