A simple, fast, and robust approach to colloidal assembly on patterned surfaces was developed. The approach involves the rapid settling and dewetting of suspensions of spherical colloids on lithographically templated surfaces. Using this method, we can quickly and easily fabricate close-packed colloidal crystal microarrays of both silica and polystyrene spheres that range in size from 500 nm to 4.5 μm. The microarrays tend to induce the formation of monolayer colloidal crystals, which can be interconnected and removed from the templates as free-standing colloidal crystal slabs. The same approach can also be used to assemble two-dimensional colloidal crystal superlattices that can adopt a variety of structures. Graphite, kagome, body-centered cubic, open hexagonal, tetragonal, and linear chain structures can all be quickly accessed by adjusting the ratio of the sphere diameter to the template diameter.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry