Colloidal to micrometer-sized iron oxides and oxyhydroxides as anode materials for batteries and pseudocapacitors: Electrochemical properties

Wenyan Huang, Kunfeng Chen, Sridhar Komarneni, Dongfeng Xue, Hiroaki Katsuki, Woo Seok Cho, Xiaoqiang Xue, Hongjun Yang, Jianfeng Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrode materials of high-performance are the key for lithium-ion and aqueous batteries, and supercapacitors. Although there are many studies about iron oxides as electrode materials, few or no studies focused on the dependence of electrochemical properties on both their structure and crystal size. Here, we focused on electrochemical properties of iron oxides of different structures such as hematite (α-Fe2O3), akaganeite (β-FeOOH) and ferrihydrite with unique structure (Fe2O3·2FeOOH·2.6H2O) and of different crystal sizes and morphologies. When used as anode materials for LIBs, hematites with nanosized crystals showed higher capacity than the hematites with micrometer crystals. Among the different crystal structures, both hematite and akaganeite outperformed ferrihydrite even though the latter has the smallest crystals. Both hematite and akaganeite electrode materials showed similar charge and discharge behaviors for aqueous batteries, while ferrihydrite showed pseudocapacitive behavior. Thus, both crystal size and structure of iron oxides are important in tailoring them for electrode materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number126232
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume615
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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