Colour variations in the GRB 120327A afterglow

A. Melandri, S. Covino, E. Zaninoni, S. Campana, J. Bolmer, B. E. Cobb, J. Gorosabel, J. W. Kim, P. Kuin, D. Kuroda, D. Malesani, C. G. Mundell, F. Nappo, B. Sbarufatti, R. J. Smith, I. A. Steele, M. Topinka, A. S. Trotter, F. J. Virgili, M. G. BernardiniP. D'Avanzo, V. D'Elia, D. Fugazza, G. Ghirlanda, A. Gomboc, J. Greiner, C. Guidorzi, J. B. Haislip, H. Hanayama, L. Hanlon, M. Im, K. M. Ivarsen, J. Japelj, M. Jelínek, N. Kawai, S. Kobayashi, D. Kopac, A. P. Lacluyzé, A. Martin-Carrillo, D. Murphy, D. E. Reichart, R. Salvaterra, O. S. Salafia, G. Tagliaferri, S. D. Vergani

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims. We present a comprehensive temporal and spectral analysis of the long Swift GRB 120327A afterglow data to investigate possible causes of the observed early-time colour variations. Methods. We collected data from various instruments and telescopes in X-ray, ultraviolet, optical, and near-infrared bands, and determined the shapes of the afterglow early-time light curves. We studied the overall temporal behaviour and the spectral energy distributions from early to late times. Results. The ultraviolet, optical, and near-infrared light curves can be modelled with a single power-law component between 200 and 2 × 104 s after the burst event. The X-ray light curve shows a canonical steep-shallow-steep behaviour that is typical of long gamma-ray bursts. At early times a colour variation is observed in the ultraviolet/optical bands, while at very late times a hint of a re-brightening is visible. The observed early-time colour change can be explained as a variation in the intrinsic optical spectral index, rather than an evolution of the optical extinction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA29
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume607
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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