Background: Diverticular disease is a common but poorly understood disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Recent studies have identified several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with diverticular disease. Materials and Methods: The genotypes of three SNPs (rs4662344 in ARHGAP15, rs7609897 in COLQ, and rs67153654 in FAM155A) were identified by Taqman assay in 204 patients with diverticular disease. Clinical characteristics were obtained from the medical record to study association with genotype. To evaluate gene expression in colon tissue, qPCR was performed on 24 patients with diverticulitis, and COLQ was localized using immunohistochemistry. Results: The ARHGAP15 and COLQ SNPs were significantly associated with both diverticular disease and specifically diverticulitis, while the FAM155A was not associated with either. No association was found with clinical disease characteristics. Heterozygous genotypes at the ARHGAP15 SNP was associated with lower ARHGAP15 expression in colon tissues. COLQ protein localized to the myenteric plexus in the colon. Conclusions: This study confirmed association of the ARHGAP15 and COLQ SNPs with diverticular disease in our patients but could not confirm FAM155A SNP association. Neither of these SNPs appeared to associate with more severe disease, but genotype at the ARHGAP15 SNP did impact expression of ARHGAP15 in the colon. Additionally, this study is the first to localize COLQ in the colon. Its presence in the myenteric nervous system suggests COLQ SNP variants may contribute to diverticular disease by altering motility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes