Combination therapy with adapalene gel 0.1% and doxycycline for severe acne vulgaris

a multicenter, investigator-blind, randomized, controlled study.

Diane M. Thiboutot, Alan R. Shalita, Paul S. Yamauchi, Catherine Dawson, Stéphanie Arsonnaud, Sewon Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with a topical retinoid and an antibiotic is recognized as a rational and effective approach for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Adapalene, a naphthoic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory and receptor-selective retinoid properties, is safe and well tolerated. While the combination of adapalene with oral or topical antibiotics has been shown to deliver a superior and faster response than an antibiotic alone, the clinical benefits of a combination of adapalene and doxycycline, the most frequently prescribed oral antibiotic for acne in the United States, have yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In a 12-week study, the efficacy and safety of the combination of adapalene gel 0.1% with doxycycline was compared with doxycycline alone for the treatment of severe acne. Subjects were randomized to receive doxycycline once daily in the morning and either adapalene or vehicle once daily in the evening. RESULTS: At Week 12, the combination adapalene-doxycycline was significantly superior to doxycycline alone for change from baseline in total (p<0.001), inflammatory (p=0.02), and noninflammatory (p<0.001) lesions. Significant differences in total lesions were observed as early as Week 4 (p=0.04). Both treatments were well tolerated, and no serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates that the combination of adapalene and an oral antibiotic provides a superior and faster benefit than antibiotic therapy alone and should be considered at the initiation of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-146
Number of pages9
JournalSkinmed
Volume4
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Fingerprint

Doxycycline
Acne Vulgaris
Gels
Research Personnel
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Retinoids
Therapeutics
Adapalene
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Safety

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Dermatology

Cite this

Thiboutot, Diane M. ; Shalita, Alan R. ; Yamauchi, Paul S. ; Dawson, Catherine ; Arsonnaud, Stéphanie ; Kang, Sewon. / Combination therapy with adapalene gel 0.1% and doxycycline for severe acne vulgaris : a multicenter, investigator-blind, randomized, controlled study. In: Skinmed. 2005 ; Vol. 4, No. 3. pp. 138-146.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with a topical retinoid and an antibiotic is recognized as a rational and effective approach for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Adapalene, a naphthoic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory and receptor-selective retinoid properties, is safe and well tolerated. While the combination of adapalene with oral or topical antibiotics has been shown to deliver a superior and faster response than an antibiotic alone, the clinical benefits of a combination of adapalene and doxycycline, the most frequently prescribed oral antibiotic for acne in the United States, have yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In a 12-week study, the efficacy and safety of the combination of adapalene gel 0.1{\%} with doxycycline was compared with doxycycline alone for the treatment of severe acne. Subjects were randomized to receive doxycycline once daily in the morning and either adapalene or vehicle once daily in the evening. RESULTS: At Week 12, the combination adapalene-doxycycline was significantly superior to doxycycline alone for change from baseline in total (p<0.001), inflammatory (p=0.02), and noninflammatory (p<0.001) lesions. Significant differences in total lesions were observed as early as Week 4 (p=0.04). Both treatments were well tolerated, and no serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates that the combination of adapalene and an oral antibiotic provides a superior and faster benefit than antibiotic therapy alone and should be considered at the initiation of treatment.",
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Combination therapy with adapalene gel 0.1% and doxycycline for severe acne vulgaris : a multicenter, investigator-blind, randomized, controlled study. / Thiboutot, Diane M.; Shalita, Alan R.; Yamauchi, Paul S.; Dawson, Catherine; Arsonnaud, Stéphanie; Kang, Sewon.

In: Skinmed, Vol. 4, No. 3, 01.01.2005, p. 138-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Combination therapy with adapalene gel 0.1% and doxycycline for severe acne vulgaris

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AU - Thiboutot, Diane M.

AU - Shalita, Alan R.

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with a topical retinoid and an antibiotic is recognized as a rational and effective approach for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Adapalene, a naphthoic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory and receptor-selective retinoid properties, is safe and well tolerated. While the combination of adapalene with oral or topical antibiotics has been shown to deliver a superior and faster response than an antibiotic alone, the clinical benefits of a combination of adapalene and doxycycline, the most frequently prescribed oral antibiotic for acne in the United States, have yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In a 12-week study, the efficacy and safety of the combination of adapalene gel 0.1% with doxycycline was compared with doxycycline alone for the treatment of severe acne. Subjects were randomized to receive doxycycline once daily in the morning and either adapalene or vehicle once daily in the evening. RESULTS: At Week 12, the combination adapalene-doxycycline was significantly superior to doxycycline alone for change from baseline in total (p<0.001), inflammatory (p=0.02), and noninflammatory (p<0.001) lesions. Significant differences in total lesions were observed as early as Week 4 (p=0.04). Both treatments were well tolerated, and no serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates that the combination of adapalene and an oral antibiotic provides a superior and faster benefit than antibiotic therapy alone and should be considered at the initiation of treatment.

AB - BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with a topical retinoid and an antibiotic is recognized as a rational and effective approach for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Adapalene, a naphthoic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory and receptor-selective retinoid properties, is safe and well tolerated. While the combination of adapalene with oral or topical antibiotics has been shown to deliver a superior and faster response than an antibiotic alone, the clinical benefits of a combination of adapalene and doxycycline, the most frequently prescribed oral antibiotic for acne in the United States, have yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In a 12-week study, the efficacy and safety of the combination of adapalene gel 0.1% with doxycycline was compared with doxycycline alone for the treatment of severe acne. Subjects were randomized to receive doxycycline once daily in the morning and either adapalene or vehicle once daily in the evening. RESULTS: At Week 12, the combination adapalene-doxycycline was significantly superior to doxycycline alone for change from baseline in total (p<0.001), inflammatory (p=0.02), and noninflammatory (p<0.001) lesions. Significant differences in total lesions were observed as early as Week 4 (p=0.04). Both treatments were well tolerated, and no serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates that the combination of adapalene and an oral antibiotic provides a superior and faster benefit than antibiotic therapy alone and should be considered at the initiation of treatment.

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