Combinatorial methods were used to search for active alloy electrocatalysts for use in enzyme-free araperometric glucose sensors. Electrode arrays (715-member) containing combinations of Pt, Pb, Au, Pd, and Rh were prepared and screened by converting anodic current to visible fluorescence. The most active compositions contained both Pt and Pb. Bulk quantities of catalysts with compositions corresponding to those identified in the screening experiments were prepared and characterized. The best alloy electrocatalysts catalyzed glucose oxidation at substantially more negative potentials than pure platinum in enzyme-free voltammetric measurements. They were also insensitive to potential interfering agents (ascorbic and uric acids, and 4-acetamidophenol), which are oxidized at slightly more positive potentials. Rotating disk electrode (RDE) experiments were carried out to study the catalytic mechanism. The improvement in catalytic performance was attributed to the inhibition of adsorption of oxidation products, which poison Pt electrodes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry