Combined approach of a coupled fire model with atmospheric releases: The case of the 2003 glacier wildfires

Germana Manca, Guido Cervone, Keith C. Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A combined GIS and remote sensing approach is applied to map and model the Glacier National Park wildfires of the summer 2003. Numerical simulations were performed using the Clarke Fire Automaton Model, and the fire extents were associated with the atmospheric plumes, observed using remote sensing data from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer. The wildfire simulation results show a correlation between the predicted and the actual fires. Remote sensing data are used to quantify the optical dimming of the atmosphere caused by the fires. The observed atmospheric dimming is correlated both spatially and temporally, with the fire simulations. Such knowledge is crucial to build a coupled land-atmosphere fire model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2014

Fingerprint

Glaciers
wildfire
glacier
Fires
Remote Sensing
Remote sensing
remote sensing
Atmosphere
atmospheric plume
Model
simulation
TOMS
Ozone
atmosphere
Radiometer
Radiometers
Spectrometer
Geographic information systems
MODIS
Automata

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

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Combined approach of a coupled fire model with atmospheric releases : The case of the 2003 glacier wildfires. / Manca, Germana; Cervone, Guido; Clarke, Keith C.

In: European Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 47, No. 1, 12.04.2014, p. 181-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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